Synthetic calcium carbonate improves the effectiveness of treatments with nanolime to contrast decay in highly porous limestone.

Author(s) Ševčík, R.; Viani, A.; Machová, D.; Lanzafame, G.; Mancini, L.; Appavou, M.S.
Journal Sci Rep
Date Published 2019 Oct 24

Three synthetized polymorphs of calcium carbonate have been tested in combination with the suspension of nanolime particles as potential consolidating agents for contrasting stone decay and overcome some of the limitations of nanolime agents when applied to substrates with large porosity. The modifications induced in the pore network of the Maastricht limestone were analyzed with microscopy and in a non-invasive fashion with small angle neutron scattering and synchrotron radiation micro-computed tomography. A reduction in porosity and pore accessibility at the micrometric scale was detected with the latter technique, and ascribed to the improved pore-filling capacity of the consolidation agent containing CaCO particles. These were found to be effectively bound to the carbonated nanolime, strengthening the pore-matrix microstructure. Penetration depth and positive effect on porosity were found to depend on the particle size and shape. Absence of significant changes in the fractal nature of the pore surface at the nanoscale, was interpreted as indication of the negligible contribution of nanolime-based materials in the consolidation of stones with large porosity. However, the results indicate that in such cases, their effectiveness may be enhanced when used in combination with CaCO particles, owing to the synergic effect of chemical/structural compatibility and particle size distribution.

DOI 10.1038/s41598-019-51836-z
ISSN 2045-2322
Citation Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):15278.

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