Thallium Sorption onto Manganese Oxides.

Author(s) Wick, S.; Peña, J.; Voegelin, A.
Journal Environ Sci Technol
Date Published 2019 Nov 19

The sorption of thallium (Tl) onto manganese (Mn) oxides critically influences its environmental fate and geochemical cycling and is also of interest in water treatment. Combined quantitative and mechanistic understanding of Tl sorption onto Mn oxides, however, is limited. We investigated the uptake of dissolved Tl(I) by environmentally relevant phyllo- and tectomanganates and used X-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine the oxidation state and local coordination of sorbed Tl. We show that extremely strong sorption of Tl onto vacancy-containing layered δ-MnO at low dissolved Tl(I) concentrations (log ≥ 7.4 for ≤10 M Tl(I); in (L/kg)) is due to oxidative uptake of Tl and that less specific nonoxidative Tl uptake only becomes dominant at very high Tl(I) concentrations (>10 M). Partial reduction of δ-MnO induces phase changes that result in inhibited oxidative Tl uptake and lower Tl sorption affinity (log 6.2-6.4 at 10 M Tl(I)) and capacity. Triclinic birnessite, which features no vacancy sites, and todorokite, a 3 × 3 tectomanganate, bind Tl with lower sorption affinity than δ-MnO, mainly as hydrated Tl in interlayers (triclinic birnessite; log 5.5 at 10 M Tl(I)) or tunnels (todorokite). In cryptomelane, a 2 × 2 tectomanganate, dehydrated Tl replaces structural K. The new quantitative and mechanistic insights from this study contribute to an improved understanding of the uptake of Tl by key Mn oxides and its relevance in natural and engineered systems.

DOI 10.1021/acs.est.9b04454
Keywords Adsorption; Manganese Compounds; Oxidation-Reduction; Oxides; Thallium
ISSN 1520-5851
Citation Environ Sci Technol. 2019;53(22):1316813178.