The impact of mercury on the genome-wide transcription profile of zebrafish intestine.

Author(s) Zhang, Q.L.; Dong, Z.X.; Luo, Z.W.; Zhang, M.; Deng, X.Y.; Guo, J.; Wang, F.; Lin, L.B.
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2020 05 05

Mercury is a widely used heavy metal that causes pollution to aquatic environments and severely affects the health of fish. Little is known about how heavy metal pollutants affect fish, particularly for gene expression within important organs such as the intestine. Herein, whole transcriptome sequencing was performed on zebrafish (Danio rerio) intestine tissue after HgCl (HGC, 30 μg/L) exposure. A total of 2,257 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, including 1,788 up- and 469 down-regulated genes. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that these DEGs were primarily related to xenobiotic biodegradation, biomacromolecule metabolism, development, oxidative defense, and immune response. Ten key HGC-responsive DEGs were screened to survey the dynamic changes of expression in response to HGC exposure at different time points, and were also used to validate RNA sequencing data using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Results indicate that the expression of genes encoding UGT1AB, GSTT1B, GSTO1, GSTM2, UGT5G1, GSTT1A, GSTR, GSTM3, GSTA1, and GSTP2 were significantly upregulated in response to the HGC exposure, and potentially help to counteract the adverse effects of HGC. This study provides insight into fish molecular toxicological responses to heavy metals and method on environmental risk assessment.

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121842
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation J Hazard Mater. 2020;389:121842.