The Microstructure Evolution of a Fe3Al Alloy during the LENS Process.

Author(s) Karczewski, K.; Durejko, T.; Czujko, T.
Journal Materials (Basel)
Date Published 2018 Mar 07

A Fe₃Al intermetallic alloy has been successfully prepared by the laser-engineered net shaping (LENS) process. The applied process parameters were selected to provide various cooling rates during the solidification of the laser-melted material. The macro- and microstructure and the micro- and macrotexture of Fe₃Al samples were investigated. The influence of the cooling rate on grain morphology and texture is discussed. For the applied cooling rate range of 0.64 × 10⁴ K/s-2.6 × 10⁴ K/s, the structure is characterized by the presence of columnar grains for which the growth is directed upwards from the substrate. The intensity of the microtexture varies with the height of the sample and the cooling rate. The intensity of the texture increases with the decrease in the cooling rate. The samples that were obtained with low and medium cooling rates are characterized by the well-developed <100> and <111> macrotextures. The Fe₃Al alloy that was produced with a high cooling rate did not show a specific texture, which is reflected in the fairly uniform distribution of the normalized density intensity. Only a very weak texture with a <100> type component was observed.

DOI 10.3390/ma11030390
ISSN 1996-1944
Citation Karczewski K, Durejko T, Czujko T. The Microstructure Evolution of a Fe3Al Alloy during the LENS Process. Materials (Basel). 2018;11(3).

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