The role of Thallium-201 scintigraphy and Tc-99m pentavalent dimercaptosuccinic acid in diagnosis and grading of chondrosarcoma.

Author(s) Jo, O.; Schlicht, S.; Slavin, J.; Di Bella, C.; Pang, G.; Powell, G.; Spelman, T.; Choong, P.Fm
Journal Eur J Radiol
Date Published 2020 Apr

PURPOSE: Distinguishing between enchondromas and low-grade (grade 1) chondrosarcomas can be challenging. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Thallium-201 scintigraphy and Technetium-99 m pentavalent dimercaptosuccinic acid (Tc-99 m DMSA (V)) in the diagnosis and grading of chondrosarcomas.

METHODS: 232 consecutive patients with pathologically proven cartilaginous tumours between the years 2000 and 2018 were evaluated. We included 197 patients (101 males and 96 females; median age 50 years; range 15-86 years) who underwent Thallium-201(n = 193) and/or Tc-99 m DMSA (V) scanning (n = 67). Increased uptake was defined as uptake greater than background. The reference standard was the histopathological assessment based on a grading system (grade 1-3). Data was analysed using multivariate modelling.

RESULTS: There were 46 patients with enchondromas and 151 with chondrosarcomas. Of those, 64 (enchondroma n = 21, chondrosarcoma n = 43) underwent both Thallium-201 and Tc-99 m DMSA (V). Thallium-201 uptake had 7.92 times greater odds of grade 1 chondrosarcomas than enchondromas. Thallium-201 uptake was significantly associated with the odds of a higher grade chondrosarcoma (grade 2-3). DMSA (V) positivity was associated with 4.75 times the odds of a chondrosarcoma diagnosis over enchondroma (p = 0.024). DMSA (V) uptake revealed no association with chondrosarcoma grading.

CONCLUSION: Low-grade chondrosarcomas continue to pose a diagnostic dilemma. Thallium-201 scans may identify malignancy in benign appearing tumours as well as differentiate between low-grade and high-grade chondrosarcomas in said malignancies. DMSA (V) may be useful in distinguishing between benign and malignant entities as a whole.

DOI 10.1016/j.ejrad.2020.108846
ISSN 1872-7727
Citation Eur J Radiol. 2020;125:108846.

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