Three-dimensional morphology of the Golgi apparatus in osteoclasts: NADPase and arylsulfatase cytochemistry, and scanning electron microscopy using osmium maceration.

Author(s) Yamamoto, T.; Hasegawa, T.; Hongo, H.; Amizuka, N.
Journal Microscopy (Oxf)
Date Published 2019 Mar 12

This study was designed to observe osteoclasts in the rat femora by light and electron microscopic cytochemistry for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphatase (NADPase) and arylsulfatase, and scanning electron microscopy using osmium maceration to assess the three-dimensional morphology of the Golgi apparatus in osteoclasts. The Golgi apparatus showed strong NADPase activity and surrounded each nucleus with the cis-side facing the nucleus. The Golgi apparatus could be often traced for a length of 20 μm or longer. Observations of serial semi-thin sections confirmed that a single line of reaction products (=lead precipitates) intervened somewhere between any two neighboring nuclei. The nuclear membrane showed strong arylsulfatase activity as well as rough endoplasmic reticulum and lysosomes. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the Golgi apparatus covered the nucleus in a porous sheet-like configuration. Under magnification, the cis-most saccule showed a sieve-like configuration with fine fenestrations. The saccules decreased fenestration numbers toward the trans-side and displayed a more plate-like appearance. The above findings indicate the following. (1) The Golgi saccules of osteoclasts have a three-dimensional structure comparable with that generally seen in other cell types. (2) The Golgi apparatus forms a porous multi-spherical structure around nuclei. Within the structure, in most cases a Golgi stack partitions the room into several compartments in each of which a nucleus fits. (3) The nuclear membrane synthesizes some kinds of proteins more stably and sufficiently than the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Consequently, the Golgi apparatus accumulates around nuclei with the cis-side facing the nucleus.

DOI 10.1093/jmicro/dfz003
ISSN 2050-5701
Citation Microscopy (Oxf). 2019.