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TiO2 Feather Duster as Effective Polysulfides Restrictor for Enhanced Electrochemical Kinetics in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries.

Author(s) Lei, T.; Xie, Y.; Wang, X.; Miao, S.; Xiong, J.; Yan, C.
Journal Small
Date Published 2017 Jul 27
Abstract

The rechargeable lithium-sulfur battery is recognized as a promising candidate for electrochemical energy storage system because of their exceptional advance in energy density. However, the fast capacity decay of sulfur cathode caused by polysulfide dissolution and low specific capacity caused by poor electrical conductivity still impede the further development of lithium-sulfur battery. To address above issues, this study reports the synthesis of feather duster-like TiO2 architecture by in situ growth of TiO2 nanowires on carbon cloth and further evaluates as sulfur host material. The strong chemical binding interaction between the polysulfides and TiO2 feather duster efficiently restrains the shuttle effect, leading to enhanced electrochemical kinetics. Besides, the in situ grown TiO2 NWs array also supply high surface for sulfur-loading and fast path for electron transfer and ion diffusion. As results, the novel CC/TiO2 /S composite cathode exhibits a high capacity of 608 mA h g(-1) at 1.0 C after 700 cycles corresponding to capacity decay as low as 0.045% per cycle with excellent Coulombic efficiency higher than 99.5%.

DOI 10.1002/smll.201701013
ISSN 1613-6829
Citation Lei T, Xie Y, Wang X, Miao S, Xiong J, Yan C. TiO2 Feather Duster as Effective Polysulfides Restrictor for Enhanced Electrochemical Kinetics in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Small. 2017.

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