Toll-like receptors (TLRs) respond to tributyltin chloride (TBT-Cl) exposure in the river pufferfish (Takifugu obscurus): Evidences for its toxic injury function.

Author(s) Zhao, C.S.; Fang, D.A.; Xu, D.P.
Journal Fish Shellfish Immunol
Date Published 2020 Feb 22

Tributyltin chloride (TBT-Cl) residual in water body had become a noticeable ecological problem for aquatic ecosystems. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are an ancient family of pattern recognition receptors that play key roles in detecting nonself antigens and immune system activation. In this study, we explored the effect of TBT-Cl exposure on four TLRs expression in river pufferfish, Takifugu obscurus. The four T. obscurus Toll-like receptors (To-TLRs) contained different types of domains such as leucine-rich repeats (LRRs), leucine-rich repeats, typical subfamily (LRR_TYP) and other special domains. The To-TLRs mRNA transcripts expressed in all tissues, also To-TLR2 was investigated with higher level in kidney, as well as To-TLR3 in kidney, while To-TLR18 in liver and To-TLR22 in intestine. After the acute and chronic exposure of TBT-Cl, To-TLR2 and To-TLR3 mRNA transcripts were significantly down-regulated in gill. However, To-TLR18 and To-TLR22 were significantly up-regulated in gill and liver. Moreover, the histology and immunohistochemistry (IHC) results showed the different injury degrees of TBT-Cl in liver and gill and implied the cytoplasm reorganization after TBT-Cl stress and the function of immunoregulation for To-TLRs to TBT-Cl exposure. All the results indicated that To-TLRs might involve in sensing and mediating innate immune responses caused by TBT-Cl for keeping detoxification homeostasis.

DOI 10.1016/j.fsi.2020.02.050
ISSN 1095-9947
Citation Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2020;99:526534.

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