Two-dimensional Bismuth Oxide Heterostructured Nanosheets for Lithium and Sodium Ion Storages.

Author(s) Mei, J.; Liao, T.; Ayoko, G.A.; Sun, Z.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2019 Jul 12

Two-dimensional (2D) bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) heterostructured nanosheets (BOHNs) were first fabricated by a solution-based molecular self-assembly approach. The synthesized BOHNs nanosheets feature mixed α- and β-phases and rich surface/edge-active sites. When utilized as anode materials for rechargeable batteries, dual-phase BOHNs deliver an initial discharge capacity as high as 647.6 mAh g-1 and an increased capacity of over 200 mAh g-1 remained after 260 cycles for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), and a stable cycling capacity at ~50 mAh g-1 after 500 cycles for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). A novel flexible 2D/1D/2D structure is further developed by implanting 2D BOHNs into conductive 1D carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and 2D graphene to form composite (BOHNCG) paper as free-standing anodes for both LIBs and SIBs. The capacity of 2D/1D/2D BOHNCG as a LIB anode reaches 823.5 mAh g-1, corresponding to an enhancement of ~27 %, and maintains at >110 mAh g-1 after 80 cycles as a SIB anode with greatly improved cycling stability. This work verifies the promising potential of 2D BOHNs for practical energy-related devices and enriches the current research on emerging 2D nanomaterials.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.9b09882
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019.

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