Silver Nickel

AgNi


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Silver Nickel AG-NI-02 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Silver Nickel AG-NI-03 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Silver Nickel AG-NI-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Silver Nickel AG-NI-05 Contact American Elements

Silver Nickel is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopeia/British Pharmacopeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Silver (Ag)atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSilver (atomic symbol: Ag, atomic number: 47) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 107.8682. Silver Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Silver's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Kr]4d10 5s1. The silver atom has a radius of 144 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 203 pm. Silver was first discovered by Early Man prior to 5000 BC. In its elemental form, silver has a brilliant white metallic luster. Elemental SilverIt is a little harder than gold and is very ductile and malleable, being exceeded only by gold and perhaps palladium. Pure silver has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals and possesses the lowest contact resistance. It is stable in pure air and water, but tarnishes when exposed to ozone, hydrogen sulfide, or air containing sulfur. It is found in copper, copper-nickel, lead, and lead-zinc ores among others. Silver was named after the Anglo-Saxon word "seolfor" or "siolfur," meaning 'silver'. For more information on silver, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of silver products, visit the Silver Information Center.


Nickel (Ni) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolNickel (atomic symbol: Ni, atomic number: 28) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 58.6934. Nickel Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of nickel's shells is [2, 8, 16, 2] and its electron configuration is [Ar]3d8 4s2. Nickel was first discovered by Alex Constedt in 1751. The nickel atom has a radius of 124 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 184 pm. In its elemental form, nickel has a lustrous metallic silver appearance. Elemental Nickel Nickel is a hard and ductile transition metal that is considered corrosion-resistant because of its slow rate of oxidation. It is one of four elements that are ferromagnetic and is used in the production of various type of magnets for commercial use. Nickel is sometimes found free in nature but is more commonly found in ores. The bulk of mined nickel comes from laterite and magmatic sulfide ores. The name originates from the German word "kupfernickel," which means "false copper" from the illusory copper color of the ore. For more information on nickel, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of nickel products, visit the Nickel Information Center.



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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Silver

  • Mingzhong Zou, Jiaxin Li, WeiWei Wen, Luzhuo Chen, Lunhui Guan, Heng Lai, Zhigao Huang, Silver-incorporated composites of Fe2O3 carbon nanofibers as anodes for high-performance lithium batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Qiyu Wang, Xiaoqiang CUI, Weiming Guan, Lei Zhang, Xiaofeng Fan, Zhan Shi, Weitao Zheng, Shape-dependent catalytic activity of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on silver nanodecahedra and nanocubes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Huang Lin-jun, Wang Yan-xin, Huang Zhen, Tang Jian-guo, Wang Yao, Liu Ji-xian, Jiao Ji-qing, Liu Jing-quan, Laurence A. Belfiore, Effects of graphene/silver nanohybrid additives on electrochemical properties of magnesium-based amorphous alloy, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Nguyen Thi Lan, Do Thi Chi, Ngo Xuan Dinh, Nguyen Duy Hung, Hoang Lan, Pham Anh Tuan, Le Hong Thang, Nguyen Ngoc Trung, Nguyen Quang Hoa, Tran Quang Huy, Nguyen Van Quy, Thanh-Tung Duong, Vu Ngoc Phan, Anh-Tuan Le, Photochemical decoration of silver nanoparticles on graphene oxide nanosheets and their optical characterization, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Liangtao Pu, Kexun Li, Zhihao Chen, Peng Zhang, Xi Zhang, Zhou Fu, Silver electrodeposition on the activated carbon air cathode for performance improvement in microbial fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yanan Yu, Mingzhe Jia, Huifeng Tian, Jingbo Hu, The fabrication of silver ion implantation-modified electrode and its application in electrocatalytic oxidation of formaldehyde, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Sandeep Nigam, Chiranjib Majumder, Comparison between cluster and slab model for Pt-group atom adsorption on gold and silver substrate, Surface Science, Volume 630, December 2014
  • Yuan-Fong Chau, Chih-Chan Hu, Ci-Yao Jheng, Yao-Tsung Tsai, Li-Zen Hsieh, Wayne Yang, Chien-Ying Chiang, Yuh-Sien Sun, Cheng-Min Lee, Numerical investigation of surface plasmon resonance effects on photocatalytic activities using silver nanobeads photodeposited onto a titanium dioxide layer, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Safaa N. Saud, E. Hamzah, T. Abubakar, H.R. Bakhsheshi-Rad, S. Farahany, A. Abdolahi, M.M. Taheri, Influence of Silver nanoparticles addition on the phase transformation, mechanical properties and corrosion behaviour of Cu–Al–Ni shape memory alloys, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • K. Thanigai Arul, J. Ramana Ramya, G.M. Bhalerao, S. Narayana Kalkura, Physicochemical characterization of the superhydrophilic, magnesium and silver ions co-incorporated nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite, synthesized by microwave processing, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Lorena Soria, Paloma Ovejero, Mercedes Cano, José A. Campo, M. Rosario Torres, Cristina Núñez, Carlos Lodeiro, Selecting pyrazole-based silver complexes for efficient liquid crystal and luminescent materials, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 110, November 2014
  • Osman Ozturk, Ozlem Oter, Serdar Yildirim, Elif Subasi, Kadriye Ertekin, Erdal Celik, Hamdi Temel, Tuning oxygen sensitivity of ruthenium complex exploiting silver nanoparticles, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Leila Farzampour, Mohammad Amjadi, Sensitive turn-on fluorescence assay of methimazole based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer between acridine orange and silver nanoparticles, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Dennis Wittmaier, Norbert Wagner, K. Andreas Friedrich, Hatem M.A. Amin, Helmut Baltruschat, Modified carbon-free silver electrodes for the use as cathodes in lithium–air batteries with an aqueous alkaline electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Hemant P. Borase, Chandrashekhar D. Patil, Rahul B. Salunkhe, Rahul K. Suryawanshi, Bipinchandra K. Salunke, Satish V. Patil, Inhibition of restriction endonucleases by biofunctionalized silver nanoparticles: An in vitro study, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Hongsheng Luo, Zhiwei Li, Guobin Yi, Xihong Zu, Huan Wang, Yunjia Wang, Hailiang Huang, Jiwen Hu, Zhenfei Liang, Benbin Zhong, Electro-responsive silver nanowire-shape memory polymer composites, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Hui Liu, Tingting Liu, Xiaonan Dong, Zhenfeng Zhu, A novel fabrication of silver-modified 3D singlecrystal nanowires-assembled rutile TiO2 nanoflowers with enhanced visible photocatalytic activities, Materials Letters, Volume 134, 1 November 2014
  • Lang Pei, Weidong Xiang, Xiuli Zhao, Xiaojuan Liang, Xinyu Yang, Haitao Liu, Zhaoping Chen, Cuiping Xie, Xin Ma, Chenglong Zhang, Li Ma, Jialong Zhao, Sol–gel synthesis of silver nanocrystals embedded in sodium borosilicate monolithic transparent glass with giant third-order optical nonlinearities, Materials Research Bulletin, Volume 59, November 2014
  • J. Ashok Kumar, S. Perumal, K.R. Murali, Brush electrodeposited silver indium selenide films and their optical characteristics, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Junwoo Kim, Navaneethan Duraisamy, Taik-Min Lee, Inyoung Kim, Kyung-Hyun Choi, Hybrid electrohydrodynamic atomization of nanostructured silver top contact for inverted organic solar cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 130, November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Nickel

  • Shibing Ni, Xiaohu Lv, Jianjun Ma, Xuelin Yang, Lulu Zhang, A novel electrochemical reconstruction in nickel oxide nanowalls on Ni foam and the fine electrochemical performance as anode for lithium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Rongfeng Li, Peizhen Xu, Yamin Zhao, Jing Wan, Xiaofang Liu, Ronghai Yu, The microstructures and electrochemical performances of La0.6Gd0.2Mg0.2Ni3.0Co0.5-xAlx (x=0–0.5) hydrogen storage alloys as negative electrodes for nickel/metal hydride secondary batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Jing Li, Enbo Shangguan, Dan Guo, Meng Tian, Yanbin Wang, Quanmin Li, Zhaorong Chang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Haijiang Wang, Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical performance of high-density aluminum substituted a-nickel hydroxide cathode material for nickel-based rechargeable batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Min Kuang, Zhong Quan Wen, Xiao Long Guo, Sheng Mao Zhang, Yu Xin Zhang, Engineering firecracker-like beta-manganese dioxides@spinel nickel cobaltates nanostructures for high-performance supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Man-Ning Lu, Chao-Shuan Dai, Sheng-Yen Tai, Tsung-Wu Lin, Jeng-Yu Lin, Hierarchical nickel sulfide/carbon nanotube nanocomposite as a catalytic material toward triiodine reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Xi Ke, Yantong Xu, Changchun Yu, Jie Zhao, Guofeng Cui, Drew Higgins, Qing Li, Gang Wu, Nanoporous gold on three-dimensional nickel foam: An efficient hybrid electrode for hydrogen peroxide electroreduction in acid media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • E. Lay-Grindler, J. Laurencin, J. Villanova, P. Cloetens, P. Bleuet, A. Mansuy, J. Mougin, G. Delette, Degradation study by 3D reconstruction of a nickel–yttria stabilized zirconia cathode after high temperature steam electrolysis operation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Chien-Te Hsieh, Yu-Fu Chen, Chun-Ting Pai, Chung-Yu Mo, Synthesis of lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode materials by infrared induction heating, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • John Wang, Justin Purewal, Ping Liu, Jocelyn Hicks-Garner, Souren Soukazian, Elena Sherman, Adam Sorenson, Luan Vu, Harshad Tataria, Mark W. Verbrugge, Degradation of lithium ion batteries employing graphite negatives and nickel–cobalt–manganese oxide + spinel manganese oxide positives: Part 1, aging mechanisms and life estimation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Wei-Bin Zhang, Ling-Bin Kong, Xue-Jing Ma, Yong-Chun Luo, Long Kang, Design, synthesis and evaluation of three-dimensional Co3O4/Co3(VO4)2 hybrid nanorods on nickel foam as self-supported electrodes for asymmetric supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Wenjuan Wang, Qingli Hao, Wu Lei, Xifeng Xia, Xin Wang, Ternary nitrogen-doped graphene/nickel ferrite/polyaniline nanocomposites for high-performance supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Ming Huang, Rui Mi, Hao Liu, Fei Li, Xiao Li Zhao, Wei Zhang, Shi Xuan He, Yu Xin Zhang, Layered manganese oxides-decorated and nickel foam-supported carbon nanotubes as advanced binder-free supercapacitor electrodes, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • X.L. Xu, F. Liu, Recrystallization and twinning in rapidly solidified nickel based alloys without man-made plastic deformation, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Luke N. Carter, Christopher Martin, Philip J. Withers, Moataz M. Attallah, The influence of the laser scan strategy on grain structure and cracking behaviour in SLM powder-bed fabricated nickel superalloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Arman Zarebidaki, Hassan Mahmoudikohani, Mohammad-Reza Aboutalebi, Microstructure and corrosion behavior of electrodeposited nano-crystalline nickel coating on AZ91 Mg alloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Yanjiao Ma, Hao Li, Hui Wang, Xuefeng Mao, Vladimir Linkov, Shan Ji, Oko Unathi Gcilitshana, Rongfang Wang, Evolution of the electrocatalytic activity of carbon-supported amorphous platinum–ruthenium–nickel–phosphorous nanoparticles for methanol oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jie Xiao, Yongmin Xie, Jiang Liu, Meilin Liu, Deactivation of nickel-based anode in solid oxide fuel cells operated on carbon-containing fuels, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ki Jae Kim, Yong Nam Jo, Won Jong Lee, T. Subburaj, K. Prasanna, Chang Woo Lee, Effects of inorganic salts on the morphological, structural, and electrochemical properties of prepared nickel-rich Li[Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2]O2, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jiaqin Yang, Wei Guo, Di Li, Caiying Wei, Hongmin Fan, Liyan Wu, Wenjun Zheng, Synthesis and electrochemical performances of novel hierarchical flower-like nickel sulfide with tunable number of composed nanoplates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014