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About Silver

Silver Bohr

Silver was one of the first known metals, valued even by ancient civilizations: the naturally-occurring gold-silver alloy electrum was used to make some of the first metal coins. Functional uses of silver have long competed with its use as a precious metal, as its has many useful properties that recommend it for wide-reaching applications, but is often too expensive to use when alternative materials exist. At times the existence of easily accessible silver stockpiles have led to its substitution for cheaper metals that are temporarily in short supply. Most notably, silver reserves were tapped during the world wars, substituting for copper in electrical applications, tin in solder, and nickel in the production of coins.

Traditionally silver has served functions to be expected for a precious metal, playing a large role in monetary systems and been used in ornamental items such as jewelry. Additionally, it was once frequently used for the production finer household wares that serve dual functional and decorative functions including utensils, the latter being the use from which the term “silverware” is derived. Such silver objects are usually salloys rather than pure silver, and the standard “sterling silver”--which is 7.5% copper--remains a popular jewelry making material. Household silver has largely been replaced by other materials, either due to cost or because of the frequent polishing to remove tarnish that silver objects usually require. Silver has also long been used for the production of high-quality wind instruments, either as the solid metal or as a plated coating on cheaper materials.

Several other major uses for silver have histories reaching back to the 19th century or earlier. Mirrors can be produced by a chemical process that coats glass with thin layer of silver metal, often termed silvering, which was discovered in 1835. Today, standard mirrors are usually produced using sputtered thin coats of aluminum as it is cheaper than silver and less subject to tarnishing, but glass ornaments and some high quality mirrors are still sometimes made with the silvering process. Thinner layers of silver are visually transparent but effectively block UV radiation; today glass coated with such layers is used in energy-saving window panes. Film photography was first developed around the same time, and then as now, silver was an essential component of almost all film photography processes, which exploit the photosensitivity of silver halide compounds. Finally, silver ions are naturally germicidal, and silver and its compounds have been used in wound care and as disinfectant for centuries. Today, silver is still found in antimicrobial creams for treating burns, and silver nanoparticles are used in water filtration systems and embedded in clothing to deter bacterial growth.

Silver has the highest electrical conductivity of any element. Copper is used more frequently for electrical wiring as it is more economically viable, but for some applications the energy savings or performance benefits provided by the substitution of silver are substantial enough to overcome this cost barrier. The largest example of this is use in connectors in high quality radio frequency devices, and additionally some manufacturers of audio equipment produce silver connector cables and speaker wires for audiophiles who believe this improves sound quality.

Additionally, silver may be used for electronics applications in cases where other key physical or chemical properties make it uniquely suited for an application. For instance, silver nanowires can be used to produce transparent and flexible electrodes for use in devices such as solar cells, and silver nanoparticles can be used in conductive inks used in the production of RFID tags, as well as in membrane switches used for tv remote controls, computer keyboards, and control panels on home appliances. Silver cadmium oxide and several other conductive silver compounds are favored for use in high-voltage contacts because they resist the effect of electrical arcing. Silver also is a component of some materials used for phase-change memory technologies, such as rewritable optical discs (CD-RW).

Silver also finds use in several specialized battery formulations. As with the use of silver as a conductor for electronics, the use of these batteries are limited by the added expense of silver, but in some applications the advantages are considered worth the cost. Silver oxide batteries have a long working life and high energy-to-weight ratio, and therefore are used in small devices such as hearing aids. Silver-zinc batteries are likewise valued for high-energy density, as well as for being extremely safe and reliable, with a long life both on the shelf and in active use. Silver-zinc formulations are frequently used for batteries designed for aerospace and defense applications, and are found in NASA launch vehicles, missiles, and satellites.

An additional key use for silver is in silver soldering and brazing. Both are methods used to join metallic components, but they vary in the composition of the joining material and the temperatures required. Silver soldering is a lower temperature process often used in jewelry making or as a substitute for lead-based solders, and often uses tin-silver or tin-silver-copper formulations. Silver brazing is a higher temperature process that produces an extremely strong joint that will resist significant shock and vibration while using very small amounts ofa silver brazing alloy. Brazing is used frequently for attaching cemented carbide tips to tools. Cemented carbide is both more expensive and more brittle than other typical tool materials, but its extreme hardness is preferable for machining tough materials such as steels. For this reason, machining equipment frequently uses carbide tips or inserts that can be attached via brazing to a larger tool.

A number of key niche uses for silver also exist. Silver staining procedures, which typically make use of the soluble silver source silver nitrate along with various sensitizers and fixatives, are used in biology labs, as silver ions bind tightly to most proteins, allowing their visualization on diagnostic gels, in karyotypes, and in tissue samples. Silver is often included in nuclear control rods to absorb free neutrons. Silver is often used to plate steel bearings for use in automotive or jet engines, as this results in lower friction. Amalgam fillings made of mercury in combination with silver or gold are still used in dentistry, but increasingly ceramic composites are favored for cosmetic reasons and due to safety concerns related to the use of mercury. Silver is additionally used as a catalyst in the industrial production of ethylene oxide, used to make polyester and antifreeze, and formaldehyde, which is used in adhesives, laminating resins, and protective finishes. Silver may also be one of several catalysts found in catalytic converters which reduce toxic emissions from automobiles, but platinum group metals are usually preferred for this purpose.

Silver can be found as a native metal or as part of natural alloys with gold, but is more often a component of minerals such as argentite. It is most often produced for commercial uses as a byproduct of mining and refining copper, copper-nickel, lead, and lead-zinc ores, which frequently contain some amount of silver minerals.

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  • Tin Lead Silver Bismuth Alloy Powder
  • Tin Silver Alloy
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  • Tin Silver Bismuth Copper Alloy
  • Tin Silver Copper Alloy
  • Tin Silver Zinc Alloy
  • Tungsten Silver Alloy
  • Zirconium Silver Alloy
  • High Purity (99.999%) Silver Oxide (AgO)Powder Silver has a long history as a precious metal where it's been used in coins, ornaments, jewelry, and utensils (silverware). Silver is also used for electrical contacts and conductors. It's sometimes used as a catalysis of chemical reactions. Silver nitrate has wide application in painting, xerography, chemical electroplating and electric batteries. Silver chloride is another important compound, due to its ductility and malleability. High Purity (99.999%) Silver (Ag) Sputtering TargetThe organic compounds of the element are used in the coating of several metals and in dynamite or other explosive bars. Silver is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity). Elemental or metallic forms include pellets, rod, wire and granules for evaporation source material purposes. Silver nanoparticles and nanopowders provide ultra-high surface area. Oxides are available in powder and dense pellet form for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. Oxides tend to be insoluble. Fluorides are another insoluble form for uses in which oxygen is undesirable such as metallurgy, chemical and physical vapor deposition and in some optical coatings. Silver is also available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds can be manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries.

    Silver Properties

    Silver(Ag)atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSilver is a Block D, Group 11, Period 5 element. Silver Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Silver's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Kr]4d10 5s1. Elemental SilverThe silver atom has a radius of 144.5.pm and its Van der Waals radius is 144.pm. In its elemental form, CAS 7440-22-4, silver has a brilliant white metallic luster. It is a little harder than gold and is very ductile and malleable, being exceeded only by gold and perhaps palladium. Pure silver has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals, and possesses the lowest contact resistance. It is stable in pure air and water, but tarnishes when exposed to ozone, hydrogen sulfide, or air containing sulfur. Silver was first used by early humans, begininng prior to 5000 BC. It is found in copper, copper-nickel, lead, and lead-zinc ores among others. Silver was named after the Anglo-Saxon word "seolfor" or "siolfur" meaning 'silver'.

    Symbol: Ag
    Atomic Number: 47
    Atomic Weight: 107.8682
    Element Category: transition metal
    Group, Period, Block: 11, 5, d
    Color: silver
    Other Names: Argentum, Argent, Silber, Plata
    Melting Point: 961.78 °C, 1763.2 °F, 1234.93 K
    Boiling Point: 2162 °C, 3924 °F, 2435 K
    Density: 10.49 g·cm3
    Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 9.320 g·cm3
    Density @ 20°C: 10.5 g/cm3
    Density of Solid: 10490 kg·m3
    Specific Heat: 0.23 (kJ/kg/K)
    Superconductivity Temperature: N/A
    Triple Point: N/A
    Critical Point: N/A
    Heat of Fusion (kJ·mol-1): 11.3
    Heat of Vaporization (kJ·mol-1): 257.7
    Heat of Atomization (kJ·mol-1): 284.09
    Thermal Conductivity: 429 W·m-1·K-1
    Thermal Expansion: (25 °C) 18.9 µm·m-1·K-1
    Electrical Resistivity: (20 °C) 15.87 nΩ·m
    Tensile Strength: N/A
    Molar Heat Capacity: 25.350 J·mol-1·K-1
    Young's Modulus: 83 GPa
    Shear Modulus: 30 GPa
    Bulk Modulus: 100 GPa
    Poisson Ratio: 0.37
    Mohs Hardness: 2.5
    Vickers Hardness: 251 MPa
    Brinell Hardness: 206 MPa
    Speed of Sound: (r.t.) 2680 m·s-1
    Pauling Electronegativity: 1.93
    Sanderson Electronegativity: 1.83
    Allred Rochow Electronegativity: 1.42
    Mulliken-Jaffe Electronegativity: 1.47 (s orbital)
    Allen Electronegativity: N/A
    Pauling Electropositivity: 2.07
    Reflectivity (%): 97
    Refractive Index: N/A
    Electrons: 47
    Protons: 47
    Neutrons: 61
    Electron Configuration: [Kr]4d10 5s1
    Atomic Radius: 145 pm
    Atomic Radius,
    non-bonded (Å):
    2.11
    Covalent Radius: 145±5 pm
    Covalent Radius (Å): 1.36
    Van der Waals Radius: 172 pm
    Oxidation States: 1, 2, 3 (amphoteric oxide)
    Phase: Solid
    Crystal Structure: Cubic face centered
    Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic
    Electron Affinity (kJ·mol-1) 125.58
    1st Ionization Energy: 731.01 kJ·mol-1
    2nd Ionization Energy: 2073.48 kJ·mol-1
    3rd Ionization Energy: 2073.48 kJ·mol-1
    CAS Number: 7440-22-4
    EC Number: 231-131-3
    MDL Number: MFCD00003397
    Beilstein Number: N/A
    SMILES Identifier: [Ag]
    InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Ag
    InChI Key: BQCADISMDOOEFD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
    PubChem CID: 23954
    ChemSpider ID: 22394
    Earth - Total: 44 ppb
    Mercury - Total: 7.2 ppb
    Venus - Total: 49 ppb
    Earth - Seawater (Oceans), ppb by weight: 0.1
    Earth - Seawater (Oceans), ppb by atoms: 0.0057
    Earth -  Crust (Crustal Rocks), ppb by weight: 80
    Earth -  Crust (Crustal Rocks), ppb by atoms: 20
    Sun - Total, ppb by weight: 1
    Sun - Total, ppb by atoms: 0.01
    Stream, ppb by weight: 0.3
    Stream, ppb by atoms: 0.003
    Meterorite (Carbonaceous), ppb by weight: 140
    Meterorite (Carbonaceous), ppb by atoms: 20
    Typical Human Body, ppb by weight: N/A
    Typical Human Body, ppb by atom: N/A
    Universe, ppb by weight: 0.6
    Universe, ppb by atom: 0.007
    Discovered By: N/A
    Discovery Date: before 5000 BC
    First Isolation: N/A

    Health, Safety & Transportation Information for Silver

    Silver is not toxic although most silver salts are poisonous. Safety data for Silver and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific material or compound referenced in the Products tab. The below information applies to elemental (metallic) Silver.

    Safety Data
    Signal Word N/A
    Hazard Statements N/A
    Hazard Codes N/A
    Risk Codes N/A
    Safety Precautions N/A
    RTECS Number N/A
    Transport Information N/A
    WGK Germany 3
    Globally Harmonized System of
    Classification and Labelling (GHS)
    N/A
    Review and Print SDS for Silver Metal

    SAFETY DATA SHEET

    Date Created: 05/15/2015
    Date Revised: 05/15/2015

    SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

    Product Name: Silver Metal

    Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. AG-M-05-I, AG-M-05-L, AG-M-05-P, AG-M-05-ST, AG-M-05-WSX

    CAS #: 7440-22-4

    Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

    Supplier details:
    American Elements
    1093 Broxton Ave. Suite 2000
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: +1 310-208-0551
    Fax: +1 310-208-0351

    Emergency telephone number:
    Domestic, North America +1 800-424-9300
    International +1 703-527-3887


    SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

    Classification of the substance or mixture
    Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    The substance is not classified as hazardous to health or the environment according to the CLP regulation.
    Classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Directive 1999/45/EC
    Not applicable
    Information concerning particular hazards for human and environment:
    No information known.
    Hazards not otherwise classified
    No information known.
    Label elements
    Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
    Not applicable
    Hazard pictograms
    Not applicable
    Signal word
    Not applicable
    Hazard statements
    Not applicable
    WHMIS classification
    Not controlled
    Classification system
    HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
    (Hazardous Materials Identification System)
    HEALTH
    FIRE
    REACTIVITY



    Health (acute effects) = 0
    Flammability = 0
    Physical Hazard = 0
    Other hazards
    Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT: Not applicable.
    vPvB: Not applicable


    SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

    Chemical characterization: Substances
    CAS# Description:
    7440-22-4 Silver
    Identification number(s):
    EC number: 231-131-3


    SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

    Description of first aid measures
    General information
    No special measures required.
    After inhalation
    Seek medical treatment in case of complaints.
    After skin contact
    Generally the product does not irritate the skin.
    After eye contact
    Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. If symptoms persist, consult a doctor.
    After swallowing
    If symptoms persist consult doctor.
    Information for doctor
    Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
    No further relevant information available.
    Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
    No further relevant information available.


    SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

    Extinguishing media
    Suitable extinguishing agents
    Special powder for metal fires. Do not use water.
    For safety reasons unsuitable extinguishing agents
    Water
    Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
    If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
    Silver oxides
    Advice for firefighters
    Protective equipment:
    No special measures required.


    SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

    Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
    Not required.
    Environmental precautions:
    Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
    Do not allow product to reach sewage system or any water course.
    Do not allow to penetrate the ground/soil.
    Methods and material for containment and cleaning up:
    Pick up mechanically.
    Prevention of secondary hazards:
    No special measures required.
    Reference to other sections
    See Section 7 for information on safe handling
    See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
    See Section 13 for disposal information.


    SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

    Handling
    Precautions for safe handling
    Keep container tightly sealed.
    Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
    Information about protection against explosions and fires:
    No special measures required.
    Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
    Storage
    Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
    No special requirements.
    Information about storage in one common storage facility:
    Do not store together with acids.
    Further information about storage conditions:
    Keep container tightly sealed.
    Store in cool, dry conditions in well sealed containers.
    Specific end use(s)
    No further relevant information available.


    SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

    Additional information about design of technical systems:
    No further data; see section 7.
    Control parameters
    Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
    7440-22-4 Silver (100.0%)
    PEL (USA) Long-term value: 0.01 mg/m³ metal and soluble compounds (as Ag)
    REL (USA) Long-term value: 0.01 mg/m³
    TLV (USA) Long-term value: 0.1 mg/m³ metal: dust and fume
    EL (Canada) Short-term value: 0.03 mg/m³
    Long-term value: 0.01 mg/m³ as Ag
    EV (Canada) Long-term value: 0.1* 0.01** mg/m³
    *metal;**water-soluble compdounds (as silver)
    Additional information: No data
    Exposure controls
    Personal protective equipment
    General protective and hygienic measures
    The usual precautionary measures for handling chemicals should be followed.
    Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
    Breathing equipment: Not required.
    Protection of hands: Not required.
    Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
    Not determined
    Eye protection: Safety glasses
    Body protection: Protective work clothing.


    SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

    Information on basic physical and chemical properties
    General Information
    Appearance:
    Form: Solid in various forms
    Color: Silver-colored
    Odor: Characteristic
    Odor threshold: Not determined.
    pH-value: Not applicable.
    Change in condition
    Melting point/Melting range: 961.8 °C (1763 °F)
    Boiling point/Boiling range: 2210 °C (4010 °F)
    Sublimation temperature / start: Not determined
    Flammability (solid, gaseous): Not determined.
    Ignition temperature: Not determined
    Decomposition temperature: Not determined
    Auto igniting: Not determined.
    Danger of explosion: Not determined.
    Explosion limits:
    Lower: Not determined
    Upper: Not determined
    Vapor pressure: Not applicable.
    Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 10.5 g/cm³ (87.623 lbs/gal)
    Relative density: Not determined.
    Vapor density: Not applicable.
    Evaporation rate: Not applicable.
    Solubility in / Miscibility with Water: Not determined
    Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): Not determined.
    Viscosity:
    dynamic: Not applicable.
    kinematic: Not applicable.
    Other information
    No further relevant information available.


    SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

    Reactivity
    No information known.
    Chemical stability
    Stable under recommended storage conditions.
    Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
    Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
    Possibility of hazardous reactions
    No dangerous reactions known
    Conditions to avoid
    No further relevant information available.
    Incompatible materials:
    Acids
    Hazardous decomposition products:
    Silver oxides


    SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

    Information on toxicological effects
    Acute toxicity:
    The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains acute toxicity data for this substance.
    LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification: No data
    Skin irritation or corrosion:
    Powder: irritant effect
    Eye irritation or corrosion:
    Powder: irritant effect
    Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
    Germ cell mutagenicity: No effects known.
    Carcinogenicity:
    EPA-D: Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity: inadequate human and animal evidence of carcinogenicity or no data are available.
    The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains tumorigenic and/or carcinogenic and/or neoplastic data for this substance.
    Reproductive toxicity: No effects known.
    Specific target organ system toxicity - repeated exposure: No effects known.
    Specific target organ system toxicity - single exposure: No effects known.
    Aspiration hazard: No effects known.
    Subacute to chronic toxicity:
    The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains multiple dose toxicity data for this substance.
    Additional toxicological information:
    To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known


    SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

    Toxicity
    Aquatic toxicity:
    No further relevant information available.
    Persistence and degradability
    No further relevant information available.
    Bioaccumulative potential
    No further relevant information available.
    Mobility in soil
    No further relevant information available.
    Additional ecological information:
    General notes:
    Do not allow material to be released to the environment without proper governmental permits.
    Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach ground water, water course or sewage system.
    Avoid transfer into the environment.
    Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
    PBT: Not applicable.
    vPvB: Not applicable.
    Other adverse effects
    No further relevant information available.


    SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

    Waste treatment methods
    Recommendation
    Consult state, local or national regulations to ensure proper disposal.
    Uncleaned packagings:
    Recommendation:
    Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


    SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

    UN-Number
    DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
    Not applicable
    UN proper shipping name
    DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
    Not applicable
    Transport hazard class(es)
    DOT, ADR, ADN, IMDG, IATA
    Class
    Not applicable
    Packing group
    DOT, IMDG, IATA
    Not applicable
    Environmental hazards:
    Not applicable.
    Special precautions for user
    Not applicable.
    Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
    Not applicable.
    Transport/Additional information:
    DOT
    Marine Pollutant (DOT):
    No
    UN "Model Regulation":
    -


    SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

    Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
    National regulations
    All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
    All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
    SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
    7440-22-4 Silver
    California Proposition 65
    Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer
    Substance is not listed.
    Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity
    Substance is not listed.
    Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, female
    Substance is not listed.
    Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male
    Substance is not listed.
    Information about limitation of use:
    For use only by technically qualified individuals.
    Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
    Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
    Substance is not listed.
    The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
    Substance is not listed.
    Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
    Substance is not listed.


    16. OTHER INFORMATION

    Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2016 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

    Silver Isotopes

    Naturally occurring silver (Ag) has two stable isotopes: 107Ag and 109Ag.

    Nuclide Isotopic Mass Half-Life Mode of Decay Nuclear Spin Magnetic Moment Binding Energy (MeV) Natural Abundance
    (% by atom)
    93Ag 92.94978(64)# 5# ms [>1.5 µs] Unknown 9/2+# N/A 746.1 -
    94Ag 93.94278(54)# 37(18) ms [26(+26-9) ms] ß+ to 94Pd 0+# N/A 760.7 -
    95Ag 94.93548(43)# 1.74(13) s ß+ to 95Pd; ß+ + p to 94Pd (9/2+) N/A 775.3 -
    96Ag 95.93068(43)# 4.45(4) s ß+ to 96Pd; ß+ + p to 95Pd (8+) N/A 788.03 -
    97Ag 96.92397(35) 25.3(3) s ß+ to 97Pd (9/2+) N/A 802.63 -
    98Ag 97.92157(7) 47.5(3) s ß+ to 98Pd; ß+ + p to 97Pd (5+) N/A 812.58 -
    99Ag 98.91760(16) 124(3) s ß+ to 99Pd (9/2)+ N/A 824.38 -
    100Ag 99.91610(8) 2.01(9) min ß+ to 100Pd (5)+ N/A 833.39 -
    101Ag 100.91280(11) 11.1(3) min ß+ to 101Pd 9/2+ N/A 847.06 -
    102Ag 101.91169(3) 12.9(3) min ß+ to 102Pd 5+ N/A 855.14 -
    103Ag 102.908973(18) 65.7(7) min EC to 103Pd 7/2+ 4.47 872.53 -
    104Ag 103.908629(6) 69.2(10) min EC to 104Pd 5+ 3.92 880.61 -
    105Ag 104.906529(12) 41.29(7) d EC to 105Pd 1/2- 0.1014 888.69 -
    106Ag 105.906669(5) 23.96(4) min EC to 106Pd; ß- to 106Cd 1+ 3.71 896.77 51.839
    107Ag 106.905097(5) STABLE - 1/2- -0.11357 904.85 -
    108Ag 107.905956(5) 2.37(1) min EC to 108Pd; ß- to 108Cd 1+ 2.6884 912.93 48.161
    109Ag 108.904752(3) STABLE - 1/2- -0.1306905 921.01 -
    110Ag 109.906107(3) 24.6(2) s EC to 110Pd; ß- to 110Cd 1+ 2.7271 929.08 -
    111Ag 110.905291(3) 7.45(1) d ß- to 111Cd 1/2- N/A 937.16 -
    112Ag 111.907005(18) 3.130(9) h ß- to 112Cd 2(-) 0.0547 945.24 -
    113Ag 112.906567(18) 5.37(5) h ß- to 113Cd 1/2- 0.159 953.32 -
    114Ag 113.908804(27) 4.6(1) s ß- to 114Cd 1+ N/A 961.4 -
    115Ag 114.90876(4) 20.0(5) min ß- to 115Cd 1/2- N/A 969.48 -
    116Ag 115.91136(5) 2.68(10) min ß- to 116Cd (2)- N/A 968.24 -
    117Ag 116.91168(5) 73.6(14) s [72.8(+20-7) s] ß- to 117Cd 1/2-# N/A 976.32 -
    118Ag 117.91458(7) 3.76(15) s ß- to 118Cd 1- N/A 984.4 -
    119Ag 118.91567(10) 6.0(5) s ß- to 119Cd 1/2-# N/A 992.48 -
    120Ag 119.91879(8) 1.23(4) s ß- to 120Cd; ß- + n to 119Cd 3(+#) N/A 1000.55 -
    121Ag 120.91985(16) 0.79(2) s ß- to 121Cd; ß- + n to 120Cd (7/2+)# N/A 1008.63 -
    122Ag 121.92353(22)# 0.529(13) s ß- to 122Cd; ß- + n to 121Cd (3+) N/A 1007.4 -
    123Ag 122.92490(22)# 0.300(5) s ß- to 123Cd; ß- + n to 122Cd (7/2+) N/A 1015.47 -
    124Ag 123.92864(21)# 172(5) ms ß- to 124Cd; ß- + n to 123Cd 3+# N/A 1023.55 -
    125Ag 124.93043(32)# 166(7) ms ß- to 125Cd; ß- + n to 124Cd (7/2+)# N/A 1022.32 -
    126Ag 125.93450(32)# 107(12) ms ß- to 126Cd; ß- + n to 125Cd 3+# N/A 1030.39 -
    127Ag 126.93677(32)# 79(3) ms ß- to 127Cd; ß- + n to 126Cd 7/2+# N/A 1038.47 -
    128Ag 127.94117(32)# 58(5) ms Unknown N/A N/A 1037.24 -
    129Ag 128.94369(43)# 44(7) ms [46(+5-9) ms] Unknown 7/2+# N/A 1045.31 -
    130Ag 129.95045(36)# ~50 ms Unknown 0+ N/A 1044.08 -