Neon Elemental Symbol
Neon



French German Italian Portuguese Spanish Swedish
Néon Neon Neo Néon Neón Neon

 

Neon Bohr ModelNeon is a Block P, Group 18, Period 10 element. The number of electrons in each of Neon's shells is 2, 8 and its electronic configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6. In its elemental form neon's CAS number is 7440-01-9. The neon atom has a covalent radius of 58.pm and it's Van der Waals radius is 154.pm. Neon is found in small amounts in the Earth's atmosphere and is commercially produced by cryogenic fractional distillation of liquefied air. Neon was discovered and first isolated by Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers in 1898. The origin of the name comes from the Greek word neon meaning new

Neon is not toxic. Neon information, including technical data, safety data and its high purity properties, research, applications and other useful facts are specified below. Scientific facts such as the atomic structure, ionization energy, abundance on Earth, conductivity and thermal properties are included.


  • Properties
  • Safety Data
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Neon Properties


GENERAL PROPERTIES   PHYSICAL PROPERTIES  
Symbol: Ne Melting Point: -248.59 oC, -415.462 oF, 24.56 K
Atomic Number: 10 Boiling Point: -246.053 oC, -410.895 oF, 27.097 K
Atomic Weight: 20.18 Density: 1442 (5 K) kg m-3
Element Category: noble gases Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 1.207 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 18, 2, p Specific Heat: N/A
    Heat of Vaporization 1.71 kJ·mol−1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 0.335 kJ·mol−1
Electrons: 10 Thermal Conductivity: 49.1x10-3  W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 10 Thermal Expansion: N/A
Neutrons: 10 Electrical Resistivity: N/A
Electron Configuration: [He]2s22p6 Electronegativity: N/A
Atomic Radius: N/A Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 58 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 5R/2 = 20.786 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 154 pm Young's Modulus: N/A
Oxidation States: 1, 0 Shear Modulus: N/A
Phase: Gas Bulk Modulus: 654 GPa
Crystal Structure: face-centered cubic Poisson Ratio: N/A
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: N/A
1st Ionization Energy: 2080.7 kJ·mol−1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 3952.3 kJ·mol−1 Brinell Hardness: N/A
3rd Ionization Energy: 6122 kJ·mol−1 Speed of Sound: (gas, 0 °C) 435 m·s−1
       
IDENTIFIERS   MISCELLANEOUS  
CAS Number: 7440-01-9 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: N/A
ChemSpider ID: 22377 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: N/A
PubChem CID: 23935 Abundance in universe, by weight: 1300000 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00011136 Abundance in universe, by atom: 80000 ppb
EC Number: 231-110-9 Discovered By: William Ramsay & Morris Travers
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1898
SMILES Identifier: [Ne]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Ne Other Names: Neo
InChI Key: GKAOGPIIYCISHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N  
       
       
       
       
       


Recent Research & Development for Neon

  • Jisung Lee, Haejin Oh, Sangkwon Jeong, Investigation of neon–nitrogen mixed refrigerant Joule–Thomson cryocooler operating below 70 K with precooling at 100 K, Cryogenics, Volume 61, May–June 2014
  • M. Pamboundom, J.J. Fifen, C. Nkem, M. Nsangou, Rotational excitation of AlH by Helium and Neon at low temperature: State-to-state inelastic cross section, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 600, 29 April 2014
  • P. Kumar, V.K. Saini, G.S. Purbia, O. Prakash, S.K. Dixit, S.V. Nakhe, Studies on inverse optogalvanic and Penning ionization effects in ytterbium and neon transitions in Yb-Ne hollow cathode lamp, Optics Communications, Volume 313, 15 February 2014
  • J.M. Farrar, Y.T. Lee, V.V. Goldman, M.L. Klein, Historical perspective on: Neon interatomic potentials from scattering data and crystalline properties [Volume 19, Issue 3, 1 April 1973
  • J.M. Farrar, Y.T. Lee, V.V. Goldman, M.L. Klein, Reprint of: Neon interatomic potentials from scattering data and crystalline properties, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 589, 3 December 2013
  • M. Hoshino, H. Murai, H. Kato, Y. Itikawa, M.J. Brunger, H. Tanaka, Resolution of a significant discrepancy in the electron impact excitation of the and low-lying electronic states in neon, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 585, 14 October 2013
  • Dong Wei, Kiyoshi Takamasu, Hirokazu Matsumoto, A study of the possibility of using an adjacent pulse repetition interval length as a scale using a Helium–Neon interferometer, Precision Engineering, Volume 37, Issue 3, July 2013
  • S.N. Stamenkovic, V.Lj. Markovic, S.R. Gocic, A.P. Jovanovic, Influence of different cathode surfaces on the breakdown time delay in neon DC glow discharge, Vacuum, Volume 89, March 2013
  • Dawid Gaszowski, Marek Ilczyszyn, Hydrogen bonding to xenon: A comparison with neon, argon and krypton complexes, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 556, 29 January 2013
  • F. Calvo, F.Y. Naumkin, D.J. Wales, Nuclear quantum effects on the stability of cationic neon clusters, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 551, 1 November 2012
  • Xianming L. Han, Michael C. Blosser, Prabhakar Misra, Haridass Chandran, Abrupt changes in neon discharge plasma detected via the optogalvanic effect, Thin Solid Films, Volume 521, 30 October 2012
  • L. Uranga-Piña, C. Meier, J. Rubayo-Soneira, Ultrafast, correlated multidimensional shell dynamics of neon matrices after photoexcitation of an NO impurity: An MCTDH approach, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 543, 10 August 2012
  • Brunetto Brunetti, Pietro Candori, David Cappelletti, Stefano Falcinelli, Fernando Pirani, Domenico Stranges, Franco Vecchiocattivi, Penning ionization electron spectroscopy of water molecules by metastable neon atoms, Chemical Physics Letters, Volumes 539–540, 29 June 2012
  • Yu Gong, Lester Andrews, António P. Gonçalves, Cláudia C.L. Pereira, Joaquim Marçalo, Infrared Spectra of Rh12C and Rh13C in Solid Neon and Solid Argon, Chemical Physics Letters, Volume 528, 1 March 2012
  • Mohsen Abbaspour, Many-body and quantum effects in the surface tension and surface energy of liquid neon and argon using the Fowler’s approximation, Chemical Physics, Volume 392, Issue 1, 2 January 2012
  • M. Rubel, V. Philipps, L. Marot, P. Petersson, A. Pospieszczyk, B. Schweer, Nitrogen and neon retention in plasma-facing materials, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 415, Issue 1, Supplement, 1 August 2011
  • H.S. Lee, Y.S. Lee, S.H. Seo, H.Y. Chang, The characteristics of the multi-hole RF capacitively coupled plasma discharged with neon, argon and krypton, Thin Solid Films, Volume 519, Issue 20, 1 August 2011
  • Y. Bouteiller, B. Tremblay, J.P. Perchard, The vibrational spectrum of the water dimer: Comparison between anharmonic ab initio calculations and neon matrix infrared data between 14,000 and 90 cm-1, Chemical Physics, Volume 386, Issues 1–3, 28 July 2011
  • N.K. Piracha, K.V. Duncan-Chamberlin, R. Ali, M.A. Kalyar, M. Mehmood, Rizwan Ahmed, M.A. Baig, Laser excited population redistribution in the 2p53p multiplet in neon, Optics Communications, Volume 284, Issue 12, 1 June 2011
  • Yuyu Wang, Yongtao Zhao, Jianrong Sun, A. Qayyum, Jie Liu, Zhiguang Wang, Guoqing Xiao, Electron emission by highly charged neon and xenon ions on fusion-relevant tungsten and graphite surfaces, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Volume 269, Issue 9, 1 May 2011

Neon Isotopes


Neon has three stable isotopes: 20Ne, 21Ne, and 22Ne

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
20Ne 19.9924401754 Stable 0+
21Ne 20.99384668 Stable 3/2+
22Ne 21.991385114 Stable 0+