Neon Elemental Symbol
Neon



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Néon Neon Neo Néon Neón Neon

 

Neon Bohr ModelNeon is a Block P, Group 18, Period 10 element. The number of electrons in each of Neon's shells is 2, 8 and its electronic configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6. In its elemental form neon's CAS number is 7440-01-9. The neon atom has a covalent radius of 58.pm and it's Van der Waals radius is 154.pm. Neon is found in small amounts in the Earth's atmosphere and is commercially produced by cryogenic fractional distillation of liquefied air. Neon was discovered and first isolated by Sir William Ramsay and Morris W. Travers in 1898. The origin of the name comes from the Greek word neon meaning new

Neon is not toxic. Neon information, including technical data, safety data and its high purity properties, research, applications and other useful facts are specified below. Scientific facts such as the atomic structure, ionization energy, abundance on Earth, conductivity and thermal properties are included.


  • Properties
  • Safety Data
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Neon Properties


GENERAL PROPERTIES   PHYSICAL PROPERTIES  
Symbol: Ne Melting Point: -248.59 oC, -415.462 oF, 24.56 K
Atomic Number: 10 Boiling Point: -246.053 oC, -410.895 oF, 27.097 K
Atomic Weight: 20.18 Density: 1442 (5 K) kg m-3
Element Category: noble gases Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 1.207 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 18, 2, p Specific Heat: N/A
    Heat of Vaporization 1.71 kJ·mol−1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 0.335 kJ·mol−1
Electrons: 10 Thermal Conductivity: 49.1x10-3  W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 10 Thermal Expansion: N/A
Neutrons: 10 Electrical Resistivity: N/A
Electron Configuration: [He]2s22p6 Electronegativity: N/A
Atomic Radius: N/A Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 58 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 5R/2 = 20.786 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 154 pm Young's Modulus: N/A
Oxidation States: 1, 0 Shear Modulus: N/A
Phase: Gas Bulk Modulus: 654 GPa
Crystal Structure: face-centered cubic Poisson Ratio: N/A
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: N/A
1st Ionization Energy: 2080.7 kJ·mol−1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 3952.3 kJ·mol−1 Brinell Hardness: N/A
3rd Ionization Energy: 6122 kJ·mol−1 Speed of Sound: (gas, 0 °C) 435 m·s−1
       
IDENTIFIERS   MISCELLANEOUS  
CAS Number: 7440-01-9 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: N/A
ChemSpider ID: 22377 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: N/A
PubChem CID: 23935 Abundance in universe, by weight: 1300000 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00011136 Abundance in universe, by atom: 80000 ppb
EC Number: 231-110-9 Discovered By: William Ramsay & Morris Travers
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1898
SMILES Identifier: [Ne]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Ne Other Names: Neo
InChI Key: GKAOGPIIYCISHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N  
       
       
       
       
       


Recent Research & Development for Neon

  • Measurement of radiative proton capture on ^{18}f and implications for oxygen-neon novae. Akers C, Laird AM, Fulton BR, Ruiz C, Bardayan DW, Buchmann L, Christian G, Davids B, Erikson L, Fallis J, Hager U, Hutcheon D, Martin L, Murphy AS, Nelson K, Spyrou A, Stanford C, Ottewell D, Rojas A. Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Jun 28;110(26):262502. Epub 2013 Jun 28.
  • Laser-induced optogalvanic signal oscillations in miniature neon glow discharge plasma. Saini VK. Appl Opt. 2013 Jun 20;52(18):4404-11. doi: 10.1364/AO.52.004404.
  • Neon and CO2 Adsorption on Open Carbon Nanohorns. Krungleviciute V, Ziegler CA, Banjara SR, Yudasaka M, Iijima S, Migone AD. Langmuir. 2013 Jul 19. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Heterodyne detection at 300 GHz using neon indicator lamp glow discharge detector. Aharon Akram A, Rozban D, Kopeika NS, Abramovich A. Appl Opt. 2013 Jun 10;52(17):4077-82. doi: 10.1364/AO.52.004077.
  • Reactions of Vanadium Dioxide Molecules with Acetylene: Infrared Spectra of VO2(?2-C2H2)x (x = 1, 2) and OV(OH)CCH in Solid Neon. Zhou X, Chen M, Zhou M. J Phys Chem A. 2013 Jun 20. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Fully differential single-photon double ionization of neon and argon. Yip FL, Rescigno TN, McCurdy CW, Martín F. Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Apr 26;110(17):173001. Epub 2013 Apr 22.
  • Neon neurons. Sanchez-Ramos JZ. Neurology. 2013 May 7;80(19):1815. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182918d16. No abstract available.
  • Neon behind the signs. Grandinetti F. Nat Chem. 2013 May;5(5):438. doi: 10.1038/nchem.1631. No abstract available.
  • Mapping the phase diagram for neon to a quantum Lennard-Jones fluid using Gibbs ensemble simulations. Georgescu I, Brown SE, Mandelshtam VA. J Chem Phys. 2013 Apr 7;138(13):134502. doi: 10.1063/1.4796144.
  • Synthesis of nanowires via helium and neon focused ion beam induced deposition with the gas field ion microscope. Wu HM, Stern LA, Chen JH, Huth M, Schwalb CH, Winhold M, Porrati F, Gonzalez CM, Timilsina R, Rack PD. Nanotechnology. 2013 May 3;24(17):175302. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/17/175302. Epub 2013 Apr 3.
  • Impact excitation of neon atoms by heated seed electrons in filamentary plasma gratings. Shi L, Li W, Zhou H, Ding L, Zeng H. Opt Lett. 2013 Feb 15;38(4):398-400. doi: 10.1364/OL.38.000398.
  • A comparison of neon versus helium ion beam induced deposition via Monte Carlo simulations. Timilsina R, Smith DA, Rack PD. Nanotechnology. 2013 Mar 22;24(11):115302. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/11/115302. Epub 2013 Feb 28.
  • Synergistic effect of a novel cyclic pentadepsipeptide, neoN-methylsansalvamide, and paclitaxel on human multidrug resistance cancer cell lines. Lee HS, Phat C, Choi SU, Lee C. Anticancer Drugs. 2013 Jun;24(5):455-60. doi: 10.1097/CAD.0b013e32835f060d.
  • Quantum dynamical structure factor of liquid neon via a quasiclassical symmetrized method. Monteferrante M, Bonella S, Ciccotti G. J Chem Phys. 2013 Feb 7;138(5):054118. doi: 10.1063/1.4789760.
  • CO2-helium and CO2-neon mixtures at high pressures. Mallick B, Ninet S, Le Marchand G, Munsch P, Datchi F. J Chem Phys. 2013 Jan 28;138(4):044505. doi: 10.1063/1.4788621.
  • Photobiomodulation by helium neon and diode lasers in an excisional wound model: A single blinded trial. Dixit S, Maiya A, Rao L, Rao MA, Shastry BA, Ramachandra L. Adv Biomed Res. 2012;1:38. doi: 10.4103/2277-9175.100132. Epub 2012 Aug 28.
  • Cross sections for bare and dressed carbon ions in water and neon. Liamsuwan T, Nikjoo H. Phys Med Biol. 2013 Feb 7;58(3):641-72. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/58/3/641. Epub 2013 Jan 14.
  • [The application of helium-neon laser radiation for the combined treatment of the patients with atrophic rhinitis]. Sharipov RA, Sharipova ER. Vestn Otorinolaringol. 2012;(6):48-50. Russian.
  • Electronic spectra and reversible photoisomerization of protonated naphthalenes in solid neon. Garkusha I, Nagy A, Fulara J, Rode MF, Sobolewski AL, Maier JP. J Phys Chem A. 2013 Jan 17;117(2):351-60. doi: 10.1021/jp310612j. Epub 2013 Jan 4.
  • Infrared Spectra of Products of the Reaction of H Atoms with O(2) Trapped in Solid Neon: HO(2), HO(2)(+), HOHOH(-), and H(2)O(HO). Jacox ME, Thompson WE. J Phys Chem A. 2012 Dec 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Neon Isotopes


Neon has three stable isotopes: 20Ne, 21Ne, and 22Ne

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
20Ne 19.9924401754 Stable 0+
21Ne 20.99384668 Stable 3/2+
22Ne 21.991385114 Stable 0+