Zirconium Hydroxide

Zr(OH)4
CAS 14475-63-9


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
(2N) 99% Zirconium Hydroxide ZR-HD-02 Contact American Elements
(2N5) 99.5% Zirconium Hydroxide ZR-HD-025 Contact American Elements
(3N) 99.9% Zirconium Hydroxide ZR-HD-03 Contact American Elements
(3N5) 99.95% Zirconium Hydroxide ZR-HD-035 Contact American Elements
(4N) 99.99% Zirconium Hydroxide ZR-HD-04 Contact American Elements
(5N) 99.999% Zirconium Hydroxide ZR-HD-05 Contact American Elements

CHEMICAL
IDENTIFIER
Formula CAS No. PubChem SID PubChem CID MDL No. EC No IUPAC Name Beilstein
Re. No.
SMILES
Identifier
InChI
Identifier
InChI
Key
Zr(OH)4 14475-63-9 24870149 84465 MFCD00049635 235-770-9 zirconium(4+) tetrahydroxide N/A [Zr+4].[OH-].[OH-].[OH-].[OH-] InChI=1S/4H2O.Zr/h4*1H2;/q;;;;+4/p-4 HAIMOVORXAUUQK-UHFFFAOYSA-J

PROPERTIES Compound Formula Mol. Wt. Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Density

Exact Mass

Monoisotopic Mass Charge MSDS
H4O4Zr 159.25 N/A 550° C
(1,022° F)
N/A 3.25 g/cm3 157.915662 157.915662 0 Safety Data Sheet

Hydroxide Formula Diagram (-OH)Zirconium Hydroxide is a highly water insoluble crystalline Zirconium source for uses compatible with higher (basic) pH environments. Hydroxide, the OH- anion composed of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom, is commonly present in nature and is one of the most widely studied molecules in physical chemistry. Hydroxide compounds have diverse properties and uses, from base catalysis to detection of carbon dioxide. In a watershed 2013 experiment, scientists at JILA (the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics) achieved evaporative cooling of compounds for the first time using hydroxide molecules, a discovery that may lead to new methods of controlling chemical reactions and could impact a range of disciplines, including atmospheric science and energy production technologies. Zirconium Hydroxide is generally immediately available in most volumes. Ultra high purity and high purity compositions improve both optical quality and usefulness as scientific standards. Nanoscale (See also Nanotechnology Information and Quantum Dots) elemental powders and suspensions, as alternative high surface area forms, may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available as is a Reference Calculator for converting relevant units of measurement.

Zirconium (Zr) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbol Zirconium (atomic symbol: Zr, atomic number: 40) is a Block D, Group 4, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 91.224. Zirconium Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Zirconium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 10, 2 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d2 5s2. The zirconium atom has a radius of 160 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1789 and first isolated by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1824. Elemental ZirconiumIn its elemental form, zirconium has a silvery white appearance that is similar to titanium. Zirconium's principal mineral is zircon (zirconium silicate). Zirconium is commercially produced as a by-product of titanium and tin mining and has many applications as a opacifier and a refractory material. It is not found in nature as a free element. The name of zirconium comes from the mineral zircon, the most important source of zirconium, and from the Persian word 'zargun' meaning gold-like. For more information on zirconium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zirconium products, visit the Zirconium Information Center.

HEALTH, SAFETY & TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS
Signal Word Warning
Hazard Statements H315-H319-H335
Hazard Codes Xi
Risk Codes 36/37/38
Safety Precautions 26-36
RTECS Number N/A
Transport Information N/A
WGK Germany 3
Globally Harmonized System of
Classification and Labelling (GHS)
Exclamation Mark-Acute Toxicity        

ZIRCONIUM HYDROXIDE SYNONYMS
Zirconium tetrahydroxide, zirconium(4+) tetrahydroxide

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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Recent Research & Development for Zirconium

  • Fei Li, Zhuang Kang, Xiao Huang, Xin-Gang Wang, Guo-Jun Zhang, Preparation of zirconium carbide foam by direct foaming method, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 15, December 2014
  • Xian Zhang, Zhijun Dong, Qing Huang, Yanjun Li, Xu Zhang, Guanming Yuan, Xuanke Li, Preparation of zirconium diboride powders by co-pyrolysis of a zirconium-containing organic precursor and polyborazine using a solution based method, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part B, November 2014
  • Wanying Geng, Ge Zhu, Yurong Shi, Yuhua Wang, Luminescent characteristics of Dy3+ doped calcium zirconium phosphate CaZr4(PO4)6 (CZP) phosphor for warm-white LEDs, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • I. Kratochvílová, R. Škoda, J. Škarohlíd, P. Ashcheulov, A. Jäger, J. Racek, A. Taylor, L. Shao, Nanosized polycrystalline diamond cladding for surface protection of zirconium nuclear fuel tubes, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • R.F.L. Lorenzi, J.E. Zorzi, C.A. Perottoni, Effect of annealing on the elastic moduli of amorphous zirconium tungstate, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 403, 1 November 2014
  • P. Suresh, J. Judith Vijaya, L. John Kennedy, Photocatalytic degradation of textile-dyeing wastewater by using a microwave combustion-synthesized zirconium oxide supported activated carbon, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Yuliya S. Dzyazko, Ludmila N. Ponomaryova, Yurii M. Volfkovich, Vladimir V. Trachevskii, Alexey V. Palchik, Ion-exchange resin modified with aggregated nanoparticles of zirconium hydrophosphate. Morphology and functional properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Sangjoon Ahn, Sandeep Irukuvarghula, Sean M. McDeavitt, Thermophysical investigations of the uranium–zirconium alloy system, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Moira Ambrosi, Sergio Santoni, Rodorico Giorgi, Emiliano Fratini, Nicola Toccafondi, Piero Baglioni, High-performance and anti-stain coating for porcelain stoneware tiles based on nanostructured zirconium compounds, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • Céline Varvenne, Olivier Mackain, Emmanuel Clouet, Vacancy clustering in zirconium: An atomic-scale study, Acta Materialia, Volume 78, 1 October 2014
  • Yueming Ren, Pingxin Liu, Xiaoli Liu, Jing Feng, Zhuangjun Fan, Tianzhu Luan, Preparation of zirconium oxy ion-imprinted particle for the selective separation of trace zirconium ion from water, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • M. Sattari, R.A. Holt, M.R. Daymond, Variant selection and transformation texture in zirconium alloy Excel, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 453, Issues 1–3, October 2014
  • Tingshun Jiang, Jinlian Cheng, Wangping Liu, Lie Fu, Xuping Zhou, Qian Zhao, Hengbo Yin, Sulfuric acid functional zirconium (or aluminum) incorporated mesoporous MCM-48 solid acid catalysts for alkylation of phenol with tert-butyl alcohol, Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Volume 218, October 2014
  • Lucimara B. Panice, Elisangela A. de Oliveira, Ricardo A.D. Molin Filho, Daniela P. de Oliveira, Angélica M. Lazarin, Elza I.S. Andreotti, Rosana L. Sernaglia, Yoshitaka Gushikem, Electrochemical properties of the hexacyanoferrate(II)–ruthenium(III) complex immobilized on silica gel surface chemically modified with zirconium(IV) oxide, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 188, October 2014
  • Lan Zhang, Shaoyu Zhu, Yong Han, Chengzhang Xiao, Wu Tang, Formation and bioactivity of HA nanorods on micro-arc oxidized zirconium, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 43, 1 October 2014
  • Z. Amghouz, C. Ancín-Azpilicueta, K.K. Burusco, J.R. García, S.A. Khainakov, A. Luquin, R. Nieto, J.J. Garrido, Biogenic amines in wine: Individual and competitive adsorption on a modified zirconium phosphate, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 197, October 2014
  • Mario Casciola, Paula Cojocaru, Anna Donnadio, Stefano Giancola, Luca Merlo, Yannig Nedellec, Monica Pica, Surya Subianto, Zirconium phosphate reinforced short side chain perflurosulfonic acid membranes for medium temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 262, 15 September 2014
  • Abubaker Abutartour, Yunjie Jia, Lotfia El Majdoub, Qinghong Xu, A new hierarchical porous zirconium phosphate membrane and its adsorption properties, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 196, 15 September 2014
  • Luminita Ghimici, Marieta Nichifor, Flocculation performance of different cationic amphiphilic dextran derivatives in zirconium silicate suspension, Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 133, 8 September 2014
  • Hasan Gocmez, Mustafa Tuncer, Yavuz Selim Yeniceri, Low temperature synthesis and pressureless sintering of nanocrystalline zirconium diboride powders, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014

Recent Research & Development for Hydroxides

  • Jing Li, Enbo Shangguan, Dan Guo, Meng Tian, Yanbin Wang, Quanmin Li, Zhaorong Chang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Haijiang Wang, Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical performance of high-density aluminum substituted a-nickel hydroxide cathode material for nickel-based rechargeable batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 270, 15 December 2014
  • Yun Zhao, Hongmei Yu, Feng Xie, Yanxi Liu, Zhigang Shao, Baolian Yi, High durability and hydroxide ion conducting pore-filled anion exchange membranes for alkaline fuel cell applications, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • E.M.S. Barbieri, E.P.C. Lima, S.J. Cantarino, M.F.F. Lelis, M.B.J.G. Freitas, Recycling of spent ion-lithium batteries as cobalt hydroxide, and cobalt oxide films formed under a conductive glass substrate, and their electrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 269, 10 December 2014
  • Yu-Cheng Chang, Controlling growth of single-crystalline indium hydroxide nanocuboids with enhanced sharp cathodoluminescence peak, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 615, 5 December 2014
  • Renan Azevedo da Rocha, Carolina Leão Quintanilha, Thayná Viana Lanxin, Júlio Carlos Afonso, Cláudio Augusto Vianna, Valdir Gante, José Luiz Mantovano, Production of potassium manganate and barium manganate from spent zinc–MnO2 dry cells via fusion with potassium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Liguo Wang, Fengyou Wang, Xiaodan Zhang, Ning Wang, Yuanjian Jiang, Qiuyan Hao, Ying Zhao, Improving efficiency of silicon heterojunction solar cells by surface texturing of silicon wafers using tetramethylammonium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lan Jin, Tengli Wang, Can Cui, Haiqin Wu, He Ren, Min Wei, Controlled assemble of erythrosine B/layered double hydroxide ultrathin film: Preparation, fluorescence properties, and photo-response to bovine serum albumin, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Fang He, Zhibiao Hu, Kaiyu Liu, Shuirong Zhang, Hongtao Liu, Shangbin Sang, In situ fabrication of nickel aluminum-layered double hydroxide nanosheets/hollow carbon nanofibers composite as a novel electrode material for supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Jinglin Zhang, Huidi Liu, Pu Shi, Yaoji Li, Langhuan Huang, Wenjie Mai, Shaozao Tan, Xiang Cai, Growth of nickel (111) plane: The key role in nickel for further improving the electrochemical property of hexagonal nickel hydroxide-nickel & reduced graphene oxide composite, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Xuefei Gong, J.P. Cheng, Fu Liu, Li Zhang, Xiaobin Zhang, Nickel–Cobalt hydroxide microspheres electrodepositioned on nickel cobaltite nanowires grown on Ni foam for high-performance pseudocapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • J. Monnier, H. Chen, S. Joiret, J. Bourgon, M. Latroche, Identification of a new pseudo-binary hydroxide during calendar corrosion of (La, Mg)2Ni7-type hydrogen storage alloys for Nickel–Metal Hydride batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Xianqing Liang, Jin Guo, Shuiying Liang, Caihao Hong, Yidong Zhao, Synthesis of soluble graphene nanosheets from graphite fluoride in low-temperature molten hydroxides, Materials Letters, Volume 135, 15 November 2014
  • Songying Liu, Ling Zhou, Liyuan Yao, Liya Chai, Li Li, Guo Zhang, Kankan, Keying Shi, One-pot reflux method synthesis of cobalt hydroxide nanoflake-reduced graphene oxide hybrid and their NOx gas sensors at room temperature, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Dongyun Zhang, Peixin Zhang, Shenhua Song, Qiuhua Yuan, Ping Yang, Xiangzhong Ren, Simulation of magnesium hydroxide surface and interface, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Youngku Sohn, Structural and spectroscopic characteristics of terbium hydroxide/oxide nanorods and plates, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 9, Part A, November 2014
  • Tianrong Zhan, Qi Yang, Yumei Zhang, Xinjun Wang, Jie Xu, Wanguo Hou, Structural characterization and electrocatalytic application of hemoglobin immobilized in layered double hydroxides modified with hydroxyl functionalized ionic liquid, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 433, 1 November 2014
  • Yoichi Masui, Jiacheng Wang, Kentaro Teramura, Toshihiro Kogure, Tsunehiro Tanaka, Makoto Onaka, Unique structural characteristics of tin hydroxide nanoparticles-embedded montmorillonite (Sn-Mont) demonstrating efficient acid catalysis for various organic reactions, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 198, 1 November 2014
  • Jiaying Yu, Guoli Fan, Yang Yang, Feng Li, Multi-level three-dimensional Mg–Al layered double hydroxide hierarchical microstructures with enhanced basic catalytic property, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 432, 15 October 2014
  • Damon E. Turney, Michael Shmukler, Kevin Galloway, Martin Klein, Yasumasa Ito, Tal Sholklapper, Joshua W. Gallaway, Michael Nyce, Sanjoy Banerjee, Development and testing of an economic grid-scale flow-assisted zinc/nickel-hydroxide alkaline battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Fernando Júnior Quites, José Carlos Germino, Teresa Dib Zambon Atvars, Improvement in the emission properties of a luminescent anionic dye intercalated between the lamellae of zinc hydroxide-layered, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 459, 5 October 2014