Aluminum Elemental Symbol (Al)

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Aluminium Aluminium Alluminio Alumínio Alumini Aluminium

Elemental AluminumAluminum(Al) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolAluminum, also known as Aluminium, is a Block P, Group 13, Period 3 element. It is the third most abundant element in the earth's crust and the most abundant metallic element. In its elemental form, CAS 7429-90-5, Aluminum has a silvery gray metallic appearance. Pure aluminum is soft and lacks strength, but alloyed with small amounts of copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, or other elements it imparts a variety of useful properties. It is light, nonmagnetic and non-sparking. It is second among metals in the scale of malleability, and sixth in ductility.Aluminum Bohr Model Aluminum was first predicted by Antoine Lavoisierin 1787 and first isolated by Friedrich Wöhler in 1827.

Aluminum is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.9999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity); metals in the form of foil, sputtering target, and rod, and compounds as submicron and nanopowder. Elemental or metallic forms include pellets, rod, wire and granules for evaporation source material purposes. Aluminum oxide is available in forms including powders and dense pellets for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. High Purity (99.9999%) Aluminum (Al) Sputtering Target Aluminum is available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds are also manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries. Aluminum may be synthesized in ultra-high purity (e.g. 99.999%) for laboratory standards, advanced electronic, thin film deposition using sputtering targets and evaporation materials, metallurgy and optical materials and other high technology applications. Information is provided for stable (non-radioactive) aluminum isotopes in the “Aluminum Isotope” tab below. Organo-Metallic Aluminum compounds are soluble in organic or non-aqueous solvents.High Purity (99.999%) Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3) Powder See Analytical Services for information on available certified chemical and physical analysis techniques including MS-ICP, X-Ray Diffraction, PSD and Surface Area (BET) analysis.

Safety data for aluminum metal, nanoparticles and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific aluminum material or compound referenced in the “Aluminum Products” tab below.

  • Properties
  • Safety Data
  • Products
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Aluminum Properties

Symbol: Al Melting Point: 660.32 °C, 1220.58 °F
Atomic Number: 13 Boiling Point: 2519 °C, 4566 °F
Atomic Weight: 26.98 Density: 2.70 g·cm−3
Element Category: post-transition metal Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 2.375 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 13, 3, p
Specific Heat: 0.91 (kJ/kg K)
    Heat of Vaporization 294.0 kJ·mol−1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 10.71 kJ·mol−1
Electrons: 13 Thermal Conductivity: 237 W·m−1·K−1
Protons: 13 Thermal Expansion: (25 °C) 23.1 µm·m−1·K−1
Neutrons: 14 Electrical Resistivity: (20 °C) 28.2 nΩ·m
Electron Configuration: Ne 3s2 3p1 2, 8, 3 Electronegativity: 1.61 (Pauling)
Atomic Radius: 143 pm Tensile Strength: 6800 psi Coldroled 16,000 psi.
Covalent Radius: 121 ± 4 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 24.200 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 184 pm Young's Modulus: 70 GPa
Oxidation States: 3,2,1 (amphoteric oxide) Shear Modulus: 26 GPa
Phase: Solid Bulk Modulus: 76 GPa
Crystal Structure: face-centered cubic Poisson Ratio: 0.35
Magnetic Ordering: paramagnetic Mohs Hardness: 2.75
1st Ionization Energy: 577.54 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: 167 MPa
2nd Ionization Energy: 1816.69 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: 245 MPa
3rd Ionization Energy: 2744.80 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: r.t. (rolled) 5,000 m·s−1
CAS Number: 7429-90-5 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: 900 ppb
ChemSpider ID: 4514248 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: 210 ppb
PubChem CID: 5359268 Abundance in universe, by weight: 50000 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00134029 Abundance in universe, by atom: 2000 ppb
EC Number: 231-072-3 Discovered By: Sir Humphrey Davy
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1812
SMILES Identifier: [Al]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Al Other Names: Aluminium; Alluminio

Aluminum Products

Metal Forms  •  Compounds  •  Alloys  •  Oxide Forms  •  Organometallic Compounds
Sputtering Targets  •  Nanomaterials  •  Semiconductor Materials

Metal Forms

Aluminum Balls
Aluminum Bands
Aluminum Bars
Aluminum Bits
Aluminum Board
Aluminum Briquette
Aluminum Canes
Aluminum Capsules
Aluminum Chunk
Aluminum Circle
Aluminum Coil
Aluminum Coins
Aluminum Concentrate
Aluminum Cut Wire Shot
Aluminum Cylinder
Aluminum Disc
Aluminum Drop
Aluminum Dust
Aluminum Electrode
Aluminum Evaporation Clips
Aluminum Evaporation Crimps
Aluminum Fiber
Aluminum Flake
Aluminum Flanges
Aluminum Foam
Aluminum Foil
Aluminum Fragments
Aluminum Grain
Aluminum Granules
Aluminum Honeycomb
Aluminum Ingot
Aluminum Insulated Wire
Aluminum Lump
Aluminum Mesh
Aluminum Metal
Aluminum Microfoil
Aluminum Microleaf
Aluminum Nanofoil
Aluminum Nanoparticles
Aluminum Nanoprisms
Aluminum Nanorods
Aluminum Needles
Aluminum Nugget
Aluminum Particles
Aluminum Paste
Aluminum Parts
Aluminum Pebbles
Aluminum Pellets
Aluminum Pieces
Aluminum Pills
Aluminum Pins
Aluminum Plate
Aluminum Powder
Aluminum Precipitate
Aluminum Prisms
Aluminum Puck
Aluminum Residue
Aluminum Ribbon
Aluminum Rings
Aluminum Rocks
Aluminum Rod
Aluminum Samples
Aluminum Scraps
Aluminum Segments
Aluminum Shaving
Aluminum Sheet
Aluminum Shot
Aluminum Sleeves
Aluminum Slugs
Aluminum Specimens
Aluminum Spheres
Aluminum Sponge
Aluminum Spring
Aluminum Strip
Aluminum Tape
Aluminum Tube
Aluminum Wafers
Aluminum Wire
Aluminum Wool

Sputtering Targets

Aluminum Antimonide Sputtering Target
Aluminum Boron Sputtering Target
Aluminum Chromium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Cobalt Sputtering Target
Aluminum Copper Magnesium Chromium Zinc Sputtering Target
Aluminum Copper Manganese Magnesium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Copper Manganese Sputtering Target
Aluminum Copper Molybdenum Sputtering Target
Aluminum Copper Silicon Sputtering Target
Aluminum Copper Sputtering Target
Aluminum Copper Tungsten Sputtering Target
Aluminum Dysprosium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Erbium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Fluoride Sputtering Target
Aluminum Gadolinium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Magnesium Copper Nickel Sputtering Target
Aluminum Magnesium Copper Sputtering Target
Aluminum Magnesium Silicon Sputtering Target
Aluminum Magnesium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Manganese Chromium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Manganese Sputtering Target
Aluminum Molybdenum Sputtering Target
Aluminum Neodymium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Niobium Tantalum Sputtering Target
Aluminum Nitride Sputtering Target
Aluminum Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Aluminum Phosphide Sputtering Target
Aluminum Rotatable Sputtering Target
Aluminum Samarium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Scandium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Selenide Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silicon Copper Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silicon Copper Magnesium Chromium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silicon Copper Manganese Magnesium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silicon Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silver Sputtering Target
Aluminum Sputtering Target
Aluminum Sulfide Sputtering Target
Aluminum Tantalum Sputtering Target
Aluminum Telluride Sputtering Target
Aluminum Titanate Sputtering Target
Aluminum Titanium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Vanadium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Ytterbium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Yttrium Sputtering Target
AZO Sputtering Target
AZO Rotatable Sputtering Target
Cobalt Aluminum Sputtering Target
Cobalt Aluminate Sputtering Target
Cobalt Chromium Aluminum Sputtering Target
Copper Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Iron Aluminum Sputtering Target
Lanthanum Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Nickel Aluminum Sputtering Target
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Sputtering Target
Titanium Aluminum Vanadium Sputtering Target
Vanadium Aluminum Sputtering Target
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Aluminum Rotatable Sputtering Target

Aluminum Oxide Forms

Alumina Balls
Alumina Ceramic Tape
Alumina Crucible
Alumina Fiber
Alumina Granule
Alumina Nut
Alumina Paper
Alumina Rod
Alumina Sheet
Alumina Spheres
Alumina-Silica Fiber
Alumina-Silica Paper
Alumina-Silica Sheet
Alumina Tube
Alumina Washer
Aluminum Cerium Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum Oxide Brick
Aluminum Oxide Brick, SK36
Aluminum Oxide Bubbles
Aluminum Oxide Foam
Aluminum Oxide Honeycomb
Aluminum Oxide Insulation Brick
Aluminum Oxide Particles
Aluminum Oxide Paste
Aluminum Oxide Pellets
Aluminum Oxide Pieces
Aluminum Oxide Porous Cover Plate
Aluminum Oxide Powder
Aluminum Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Aluminum Oxide Shot
Aluminum Oxide Single Crystal Substrate
Aluminum Oxide Sponge
Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Aluminum Oxide Tablets
Aluminum Oxide Wool
Antimony Oxide/Aluminum Oxide Granules
Mesoporous Alumina
Rhenium on Alumina
Rhodium on Alumina
Sapphire Monofilament
Sapphire Powder
Sapphire Rod
Sapphire Sheet
Sapphire Spheres
Sapphire Tube
Sodium Borohydride On Aluminum Oxide
Zirconia Toughened Alumina Ball


Aluminum Carbon Nanotube
Aluminum Cerium Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Nanopowder

Nanomaterials, Continued

Aluminum Hydroxide Nanoparticles
Aluminum Hydroxide Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum Nanofoil
Aluminum Nanoparticles
Aluminum Nanoprisms
Aluminum Nanorods
Aluminum Nitride Nanoparticles
Aluminum Nitride Nanotubes
Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder Disperson
Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder, Silane Coated
Aluminum Oxide Nanowires
Aluminum Titanate Nanopowder
Bentonite Nanoclay
Cobalt Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Halloysite Nanoclay
Halloysite Nanotubes
Magnesium Aluminate, Spinel Nanopowder
Palladium Nanoparticles Entrapped in Aluminum Hydroxide Matrix
Rhodium Nanoparticles Entrapped in Aluminum Hydroxide Matrix
Silicon Aluminum Nanoparticles
Strontium Aluminum Oxide Nanopowder
Yttrium Aluminate Nanopowder
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles


Alumina Silicate
Aluminosilicate Glass Sheet
Aluminum Acetate
Aluminum Acetate, Basic
Aluminum Acetate Solution
Aluminum Ammonium Sulfate
Aluminum Ammonium Sulfate Dodecahydrate
Aluminum Antimonide
Aluminum Arsenide
Aluminum Benzoate
Aluminum Boride
Aluminum Borohydride
Aluminum Bromate
Aluminum Bromide
Aluminum Bromide Powder, Anhydrous
Aluminum Calcium Sodium Silicate
Aluminum Carbide
Aluminum Carbide Powder
Aluminum Carbonate
Aluminum Cesium Sulfate Dodecahydrate
Aluminum Chloride
Aluminum Chloride, Anhydrous
Aluminum Chloride, Functionalized Silica Gel
Aluminum Chloride Hexahydrate
Aluminum Chloride Solution
Aluminum Chloride Tetrahydrofuran Complex
Aluminum Chloride, Ultra Dry
Aluminum Fluoride
Aluminum Fluoride Pieces
Aluminum Fluoride Monohydrate
Aluminum Fluoride Trihydrate
Aluminum Fluoride, Anhydrous
Aluminum Hydride (Alumane)
Aluminum Hydroxide
Aluminum Hydroxide Hydrate
Aluminum Iodide
Aluminum Iodide, Ultra Dry
Aluminum Magnesium Oxide
Aluminum Metaphosphate
Aluminum Molybdate
Aluminum Nitrate
Aluminum Nitrate Cesium Chloride Buffer Solution
Aluminum Nitrate Solution
Aluminum Nitride
Aluminum Nitride Powder
Aluminum Nitride (Machinable) Rod
Aluminum Nitride (Machinable) Sheet
Aluminum Nitride Sheet
Aluminum Orthophosphate
Aluminum Oxide
Aluminum Oxynitride
Aluminum Perchlorate Nonahydrate
Aluminum Phosphate
Aluminum Phosphate Monobasic
Aluminum Phosphide
Aluminum Potassium Sulfate
Aluminum Selenide
Aluminum Selenide Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silicate
Aluminum Silicon Oxide
Aluminum Sodium Sulfate
Aluminum Sodium Sulfate Dodecahydrate
Aluminum Sulfate
Aluminium Sulfate Anhydrous
Aluminum Sulfate Hexadecahydrate
Aluminum Sulfate Octadecahydrate
Aluminum Sulfate Solution
Aluminum Sulfide
Aluminum Telluride
Aluminum Titanate
Aluminum Tungstate
Aluminum Yttrium Oxide
Aluminum Zirconate
Aluminum Zirconium Chloride Hydroxide
Barium Aluminide
Barium Aluminate
Beryllium Aluminate
Bismuth Aluminate Hydrate
Boron Aluminate
Boron Aluminide
Calcium Aluminate
Cerium Magnesium Aluminate, Terbium doped
Cesium Aluminate
Cesium Tetrafluoroaluminate
Cobalt Aluminide
Cobalt(II) Aluminate
Copper Oxide/Aluminum Oxide Granules
Cryolite (Sodium Aluminum Fluoride)
Erbium Aluminide
Gadolinium Aluminide
Holmium Aluminide
Iron Aluminide
Iron(II) Aluminate
Lanthanum Aluminate
Lanthanum Aluminide
Lithium Aluminate
Lithium Aluminum Deuteride
Lithium Aluminum Deuteride Solution
Lithium Aluminum Hydride
Lithium Aluminum Hydride Solution
Lithium Aluminum Hexahydride
Lithium Borohydride/Aluminum
Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide
Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide Electrode Sheet
Lithium Tetrachloroaluminate
Lutetium Aluminide
Magnesium Aluminate
Magnesium Aluminide Mg17Al12
Magnesium Aluminide Mg2Al3
Magnesium Aluminum Hydroxycarbonate
Magnesium Aluminum Zirconium Oxide
Manganese Aluminide
Mesoporous Aluminosilicates
Molybdenum Aluminide
Montmorillonite (Aluminum Pillared Clay)
Muscovite Mica Sheet
Neodymium Aluminide
Nickel Aluminide Ni3Al
Nickel Aluminide NiAl
Nickel Aluminide NiAl3
Niobium Aluminide Nb3Al
Niobium Aluminide NbAl
Niobium Aluminide NbAl3
Potassium Aluminate
Potassium Fluoride on Aluminum Oxide
Potassium Hexafluoroaluminate
Praseodymium Aluminide
Rubidium Aluminate
Silicon Aluminum Oxynitride
Silicon Nitride/Aluminum Nitride/Aluminum Oxide Sheet
Sodium Aluminum Hydride
Sodium Aluminum Hydride Solution
Sodium Hexafluoroaluminate
Strontium Aluminate
Strontium Aluminide
Strontium Lanthanum Aluminate
Tantalum Alumindie TaAl3
Tantalum Aluminide Ta3Al
Terbium Aluminide
Thulium Aluminide
Titanium Aluminide Ti3Al
Titanium Aluminide TiAl
Titanium Aluminide TiAl3
Yttrium Aluminide
Yttrium Aluminum Borate
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Pellets
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Pieces
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Powder
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Yttrium Aluminum Oxide Tablets
Zirconium Aluminide

Organometallic Compounds

1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Chloride-Aluminum Chloride
(1R,2R)-(-)-[1,2-Cyclohexanediamino-N,N'-bis(3,5-di-t-butylsalicyl-idene)]aluminum(III) Chloride
(1S,2S)-(+)-[1,2-Cyclohexanediamino-N,N'-bis(3,5-di-t-butylsalicyl-idene)]aluminum(III) Chloride
Aluminum 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25 octabutoxy 29H,31H Phthalocyanine Triethylsiloxide
Aluminum 1,8,15,22 tetrakis(phenylthio) 29H,31H Phthalocyanine Chloride
Aluminum 1,8,15,22 tetraphenoxy 29H,31H phthalocyanine Chloride
Aluminum 2-Ethylhexanoate
Organometallic Compounds, Continued

Aluminum 2,3-naphthalocyanine Chloride
Aluminum 2,9,16,23 tetrakis(phenylthio) 29H,31H phthalocyanine Chloride
Aluminum Acetylacetonate
Aluminum Dimethyl Isopropoxide
Aluminum Distearate
Aluminum Ethoxide
Aluminum Glycinate
Aluminum Isopropoxide
Aluminum L-lactate
Aluminum Lanthanum Isopropoxide
Aluminum Monostearate
Aluminum Nickel Isopropoxide
Aluminum Oleate
Aluminum Oxalate
Aluminum Phenol Sulfonate
Aluminum Phenoxide
Aluminum Phthalocyanine Chloride
Aluminum Phthalocyanine Hydroxide
Aluminum Stearate
Aluminum tert-Butoxide
Aluminum Terephthalate
Aluminum Tributoxide
Aluminum Trifluoromethanesulfonate
Aluminum Trimethoxide
Aluminum Tris(2,2,6,6 tetramethyl 3,5 heptanedionate)
Aluminum Tri-sec-butoxide
Diethylaluminum Ethoxide
Di-i-butylaluminum Chloride
Diisobutylaluminum Hydride
Dimethylaluminum Hydride
Ethylaluminum Dichloride
Sucrose Octasulfate-Aluminum Complex
Triethanolamine Aluminate Barium Salt
Tris(8 hydroxyquinoline)aluminum


Aluminum 2014 Alloy
Aluminum 2024 Alloy
Aluminum 3003 Alloy
Aluminum 5052 Alloy
Aluminum 6061 Alloy
Aluminum 7075 Alloy
Aluminum Alloy Prismatic Cans and Lids
Aluminum Antimony Alloy
Aluminum Beryllium Alloy
Aluminum Bismuth Alloy
Aluminum Boron Alloy
Aluminum Bronze Alloy Particles
Aluminum Bronze Alloy Powder
Aluminum Calcium Alloy
Aluminum Chromium Alloy
Aluminum Cobalt Alloy
Aluminum Cobalt Yttrium Alloy
Aluminum Copper Alloy
Aluminum Copper Magnesium Alloy
Aluminum Copper Magnesium Manganese Alloy
Aluminum Copper Manganese Silicon Magnesium Alloy
Aluminum Copper Silicon
Aluminum Erbium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Iron Alloy
Aluminum Lead Alloy
Aluminum Lithium Alloy Particles
Aluminum Lithium Alloy Powder
Aluminum Magnesium Alloy
Aluminum Magnesium Foil
Aluminum Magnesium Copper Alloy
Aluminum Magnesium Silicon Alloy
Aluminum Magnesium Silicon Copper Alloy
Aluminum Magnesium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Manganese Alloy
Aluminum Manganese Chromium Alloy
Aluminum Manganese Copper Alloy
Aluminum Manganese Tube
Aluminum Nickel Alloy
Aluminum Nickel Catalyst
Aluminum Nickel Cobalt Alloy Particles
Aluminum Nickel Cobalt Alloy Powder
Aluminum Nickel Copper Magnesium Alloy
Aluminum Niobium Tantalum
Aluminum Samarium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Scandium Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silicon Alloy
Aluminum Silicon Foil
Aluminum Silicon Magnesium Alloy
Aluminum Silicon Magnesium Alloy Particles
Aluminum Silicon Slug
Aluminum Silicon Sputtering Target
Aluminum Silver Sputtering Target
Aluminum Strontium Alloy
Aluminum Tin Copper Alloy Particles
Aluminum Tin Copper Alloy Powder
Aluminum Titanium Alloy
Aluminum Titanium Metal
Aluminum Transition Lanthanides Alloy
Aluminum Vanadium Alloy
Aluminum Zinc Magnesium Copper Chromium Alloy
Aluminum Zirconium Alloy
Aluminum Zirconium Vanadium Alloy
Barium Aluminum Alloy
Calcium Aluminum Alloy
Chromium Aluminum Yttrium Alloy
Chromium Aluminum Yttrium Alloy Particles
Cobalt Aluminum
Cobalt Chromium Aluminum
Copper Aluminum Foam
Copper Aluminum Honeycomb
Copper Aluminum Sponge
Copper Aluminum Wool
Copper Aluminum Zinc Alloy
Dysprosium Erbium Aluminum Alloy
Iron Chromium Aluminum Foam
Iron Chromium Aluminum Honeycomb
Iron Chromium Aluminum Sponge
Iron Chromium Aluminum Wool
Iron Chromium Nickel Aluminum
Iron Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Aluminum
Iron Silicon Aluminum Alloy Particles
Iron Silicon Aluminum Alloy Powder
Lanthanum-Nickel-Aluminum Alloy
Lithium Aluminum Alloy
Magnesium Aluminum Zinc Foil
Molybdenum Aluminum Alloy
Nickel Aluminides Alloy Particles
Nickel Aluminides Alloy Powder
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Alloy
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Cobalt Alloy
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Foam
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Honeycomb
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Sponge
Nickel Chromium Aluminum Wool
Nickel Chromium Cobalt Molybdenum Titanium Aluminum Alloy
Nickel Chromium Cobalt Molybdenum Titanium Aluminum Iron Alloy
Nickel Titanium Aluminum Alloy
Niobium Titanium Chromium Aluminum Alloy
Scandium-Aluminum Alloy
Silicon Aluminum Nanoparticles
Tantalum Aluminum Alloy
Titanium Aluminum Alloy
Titanium Aluminum Niobium Alloy
Titanium Aluminum Vanadium Alloy
Titanium Aluminum Vanadium Sputtering Target
Titanium Based Aluminum Iron Alloy
Titanium Based Aluminum Molybdenum Zirconium Alloy
Titanium Molybdenum Niobium Aluminium Silicon Foil
Titanium Vanadium Chromium Aluminium Foil
Vanadium Aluminum Alloy
Yttrium Aluminum Alloy
Zinc Aluminum Alloy
Zinc Aluminum Copper Alloy
Zirconium Aluminum Alloy

Crystal/Semiconductor Materials

Aluminum Antimonide
Aluminum Arsenide
Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide
Aluminum Gallium Arsenide (AlGaAs)
Aluminum Gallium Phosphide (AlGaP)
Aluminum Oxide Single Crystal Substrate
Aluminum Nitride
Aluminum Nitride Wafer
Aluminum Phosphide
Aluminum Selenide
Aluminum Sulfide
Aluminum Telluride
Antimony Oxide/Aluminum Oxide Granules
Barium Magnesium Aluminate, Europium doped
Galium Aluminum Phosphide Granules
Galium Aluminum Phosphide Lump
Galium Aluminum Phosphide Powder
Gallium Aluminum Arsenide Granules
Gallium Aluminum Arsenide Lump
Gallium Aluminum Arsenide Powder
Indium Aluminum Arsenide (InAlAs)
Indium Aluminum Arsenide Granule
Indium Aluminum Arsenide Lump
Indium Aluminum Arsenide Powder
Lanthanum Aluminum Oxide Single Crystal Substrate
Lutetium Aluminum Garnet, activated by Cerium (Ce:LuAG)
Magnesium Aluminate Single Crystal Substrate
Ruby Powder
Ruby Sheet
Ruby Spheres
Sapphire Prisms
Sapphire Windows
Scintillation Ce:YAG
Strontium Aluminate, Eu and Dy Doped Long Persistent Blue-Green Phosphor
Strontium Aluminate, Eu and Dy Doped Long Persistent Green Phosphor
Strontium Silicate Aluminate, Europium and Dysprosium Doped
Titanium Doped Sapphire Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Cerium-doped (Ce:YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Chromium-doped (Cr4+:YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Chromium-Thulium-Holmium-doped (CTH:YAG - Cr, Tm, Ho:YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Neodyminum-doped (Nd:YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Thulium-doped (Tm:YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Vanadium-doped (V3+:YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Ytterbium-doped (Yb:YAG)
Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite, Cerium-doped (Ce:YAP)
Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite, Eribium-doped (Er:YAP)
Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite, Thulium-doped (Tm:YAP)


Aluminum Oxide-18O3

Recent Research & Development for Aluminum

  • Antifungal effects of a 1444-nm neodymium:Yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser on onychomycosis: a pilot study. Choi MJ, Zheng Z, Goo B, Cho SB. J Dermatolog Treat. 2014
  • A simple model for predicting aluminum bound phosphorus formation and internal loading reduction in lakes after aluminum addition to lake sediment. Huser BJ, Pilgrim KM. Water Res. 2014
  • Synthesis, characterization, and evaluation of simple aluminum-based adsorbents for fluoride removal from drinking water. Du J, Sabatini DA, Butler EC. Chemosphere. 2014
  • Perinatal multiple exposure to neurotoxic (lead, methylmercury, ethylmercury, and aluminum) substances and neurodevelopment at six and 24 months of age. Marques RC, Bernardi JV, Dórea JG, de Fatima R Moreira M, Malm O. Environ Pollut. 2014
  • A novel highly selective colorimetric sensor for aluminum (III) ion using Schiff base derivative. Wang DF, Ke YC, Guo HX, Chen J, Weng W. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014
  • Electrospray ionization with aluminum foil: A versatile mass spectrometric technique. Hu B, So PK, Yao ZP. Anal Chim Acta. 2014
  • Enhancement of emission efficiency of colloidal CdSe quantum dots on silicon substrate via an ultra-thin layer of aluminum oxide. Patty K, Sadeghi SM, Nejat A, Mao CB. Nanotechnology. 2014
  • Two C2-symmetric chelating P2-bisphosphazene superbases connected via a binaphthyl backbone - synthesis, structural features and preparation of a cationic alkyl aluminum complex. Kögel JF, Kneusels NJ, Sundermeyer J. Chem Commun (Camb). 2014
  • Aluminum dialkyl phosphinate flame retardants and their hydrolysates: analytical method and occurrence in soil and sediment samples from a manufacturing site. Niu Y, Liu J, Liang Y, Hao Z, Liu J, Liu Y, Sun X. Environ Sci Technol. 2014
  • Lack of efficacy with 1064-nm neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser for the treatment of onychomycosis: A randomized, controlled trial. Hollmig ST, Rahman Z, Henderson MT, Rotatori RM, Gladstone H, Tang JY. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014
  • Comparison of aluminum modified natural materials in the removal of fluoride ions. Teutli-Sequeira A, Solache-Ríos M, Martínez-Miranda V, Linares-Hernández I. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2014
  • Toxicity and dose determination of quillaja saponin, aluminum hydroxide and squalene in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Vinay TN, Park CS, Kim HY, Jung SJ. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2014
  • Oxidation of ligand-protected aluminum clusters: An ab initio molecular dynamics study. Alnemrat S, Hooper JP. J Chem Phys. 2014
  • Localization of fluoride and aluminum in subcellular fractions of tea leaves and roots. Gao HJ, Zhao Q, Zhang XC, Wan XC, Mao JD. J Agric Food Chem. 2014
  • Hippocampal neuronal metal ion imbalance related oxidative stress in a rat model of chronic aluminum exposure and neuroprotection of meloxicam. Yu L, Jiang R, Su Q, Yu H, Yang J. Behav Brain Funct. 2014
  • Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on aluminum using near infrared and visible excitation. Mogensen KB, Gühlke M, Kneipp J, Kadkhodazadeh S, Wagner JB, Espina Palanco M, Kneipp H, Kneipp K. Chem Commun (Camb). 2014
  • Atmospheric Pressure Atomic Layer Deposition of Al2O3 using Trimethyl Aluminum and Ozone. Mousa MB, Oldham CJ, Parsons GN. Langmuir. 2014
  • Effects of sub-chronic aluminum chloride on spermatogenesis and testicular enzymatic activity in male rats. Zhu YZ, Sun H, Fu Y, Wang J, Song M, Li M, Li YF, Miao LG. Life Sci. 2014.
  • Oxidative stress in blood and testicle of rat following intraperitoneal administration of aluminum and indium. Maghraoui S, Clichici S, Ayadi A, Login C, Moldovan R, Daicoviciu D, Decea N, Mureşan A, Tekaya L. Acta Physiol Hung. 2014
  • Allylic Oxidation of Alkenes Catalyzed by a Copper-Aluminum Mixed Oxide. García­a-Cabeza AL, Marín-Barrios R, Moreno-Dorado FJ, Ortega MJ, Massanet GM, Guerra FM. Org Lett. 2014.

Aluminum Isotopes

Aluminum has 22 known isotopes from 21Al to 42Al. Of the 22, only 27Al (stable isotope) and 26Al (radioactive isotope; t1/2 = 0.72x106 yr) occur naturally. 26Al is produced from argon in the atmosphere by spallation caused by cosmic-ray protons. 26Al and 27Al have several practical applications; for example, dating of marine sediments, glacial ice, and meteorites. The ratio of 26Al to 10Be has been used to study the role of transport, deposition, sediment storage and burial times, and erosion on 105 to 106 yr timescales.

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
21Al 21.02804 <35 ns 1/2+
22Al 22.01952 59(3) ms (3)+
23Al 23.00727 470(30) ms 5/2+
24Al 3.999939 2.053(4) s 4+
25Al 24.99043 7.183(12) s 5/2+
26Al 25.98689 7.17(24)×105 a 5+
27Al 26.98154 Stable 5/2+
28Al 27.98191 2.2414(12) min 3+
29Al 28.98045 6.56(6) min 5/2+
30Al 29.98296 3.60(6) s 3+
31Al 30.98395 644(25) ms (3/2,5/2)+
32Al 31.98812 31.7(8) ms 1+
33Al 32.99084 41.7(2) ms 5/2+
34Al 33.99685 56.3(5) ms (4+)
35Al 34.99986 38.6(4) ms 5/2+
36Al 36.00621 90(40) ms 5/2+
37Al 37.01068 10.7(13) ms 3/2+
38Al 38.01723 7.6(6) ms N/A
39Al 39.02297 7.6(16) ms 3/2+
40Al 40.03145 10# ms [>260 ns] N/A
41Al 41.03833 2# ms [>260 ns] 3/2+#
42Al 42.04689 1 ms N/A