Lead Tin Silver Indium Alloy

Pb Sn Ag In Alloy


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
Pb-91% Sn-04% Ag-04% In-01% PBSN-AGIN-01-P.01IN Contact American Elements

Lead Tin Silver Indium is one of numerous metal alloys sold by American Elements under the tradename AE Alloys™. Generally immediately available in most volumes, AE Alloys™ are available as bar, Ingot, ribbon, wire, shot, sheet, and foil. Ultra high purity and high purity forms also include metal powder, submicron powder and nanoscale, targets for thin film deposition, and pellets for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) applications. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards. Typical and custom packaging is available. Primary applications include bearing assembly, ballast, casting, step soldering, and radiation shielding.

Lead Bohr Model Lead (Pb) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolLead (atomic symbol: Pb, atomic number: 82) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 6 element with an atomic radius of 207.2. The number of electrons in each of Lead's shells is [2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4] and its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2. The lead atom has a radius of 175 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 202 pm. In its elemental form, lead has a metallic gray appearance. Lead occurs naturally as a mixture of four stable isotopes: 204Pb (1.48%), 206Pb (23.6%), 207Pb (22.6%), and 208Pb (52.3%). Elemental Lead Lead is obtained mainly from galena (PbS) by a roasting process. Anglesite, cerussite, and minim are other common lead containing minerals. Lead does occur as a free element in nature, but it is rare. It is a dense, soft metal that is very resistant to corrosion and poorly conductive compared to other metals. Its density and low melting point make it useful in applications such as electrolysis and industrual materials. For more information on lead, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of lead products, visit the Lead Information Center.

Tin Bohr ModelTin (Sn) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolTin (atomic symbol: Sn, atomic number: 50) is a Block P, Group 14, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 118.710. The number of electrons in each of tin's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 4 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2. The tin atom has a radius of 140.5 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 217 pm.In its elemental form, tin has a silvery-gray metallic appearance. It is malleable, ductile and highly crystalline. High Purity (99.9999%) Tin (Sn) MetalTin has nine stable isotopes and 18 unstable isotopes. Under 3.72 degrees Kelvin, Tin becomes a superconductor. Applications for tin include soldering, plating, and such alloys as pewter. The first uses of tin can be dated to the Bronze Age around 3000 BC in which tin and copper were combined to make the alloy bronze. The origin of the word tin comes from the Latin word Stannum which translates to the Anglo-Saxon word tin. For more information on tin, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of tin products, visit the Tin Information Center.

Silver (Ag)atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolSilver (atomic symbol: Ag, atomic number: 47) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 107.8682. Silver Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of Silver's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Kr]4d10 5s1. The silver atom has a radius of 144 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 203 pm. Silver was first discovered by Early Man prior to 5000 BC. In its elemental form, silver has a brilliant white metallic luster. Elemental SilverIt is a little harder than gold and is very ductile and malleable, being exceeded only by gold and perhaps palladium. Pure silver has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all metals and possesses the lowest contact resistance. It is stable in pure air and water, but tarnishes when exposed to ozone, hydrogen sulfide, or air containing sulfur. It is found in copper, copper-nickel, lead, and lead-zinc ores among others. Silver was named after the Anglo-Saxon word "seolfor" or "siolfur," meaning 'silver'. For more information on silver, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of silver products, visit the Silver Information Center.

Indium (In) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolIndium (atomic symbol: In, atomic number: 49) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 114.818. The number of electrons in each of indium's shells is [2, 8, 18, 18, 3] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1. The indium atom has a radius of 162.6 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 193 pm. Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymous Theodor Richter in 1863. Indium Bohr Model It is a relatively rare, extremely soft metal is a lustrous silvery Elemental Indium gray and is both malleable and easily fusible. It has similar chemical properties to gallium such as a low melting point and the ability to wet glass. Fields such as optics and microelectronics that utilize semiconductor technology have wide uses for indium, especially in the form of Indiun Tin Oxide (ITO). Thin films of Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) are used in high-performing solar cells. Indium's name is derived from the Latin word indicum meaning violet. For more information on indium, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of indium products, visit the Indium Information Center.

CUSTOMERS FOR LEAD TIN SILVER INDIUM ALLOY HAVE ALSO LOOKED AT
Show Me MORE Forms of Lead

PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


Have a Question? Ask a Chemical Engineer or Material Scientist
Request an MSDS or Certificate of Analysis





German   Korean   French   Japanese   Spanish   Chinese (Simplified)   Portuguese   Russian   Chinese (Taiwan)  Italian   Turkish   Polish   Dutch   Czech   Swedish   Hungarian   Danish   Hebrew

Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Lead

  • Baoxiang He, Hua Wang, Xie He, Vibration test methods and their experimental research on the performance of the lead-acid battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yue Li, Zheng Shen, Asok Ray, Christopher D. Rahn, Real-time estimation of lead-acid battery parameters: A dynamic data-driven approach, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Olawale L. Osifeko, Tebello Nyokong, Applications of lead phthalocyanines embedded in electrospun fibers for the photoinactivation of Escherichia coli in water, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • A.A. El-Daly, A.E. Hammad, G.S. Al-Ganainy, M. Ragab, Properties enhancement of low Ag-content Sn–Ag–Cu lead-free solders containing small amount of Zn, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Xing Liu, Min Zhu, Zhihui Chen, Bijun Fang, Jianning Ding, Xiangyong Zhao, Haiqing Xu, Haosu Luo, Structure and electrical properties of Li-doped BaTiO3–CaTiO3–BaZrO3 lead-free ceramics prepared by citrate method, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Matthew Sorge, Thomas Bean, Travis Woodland, John Canning, I. Frank Cheng, Dean B. Edwards, Investigating the use of porous, hollow glass microspheres in positive lead acid battery plates, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Pengran Gao, Yi Liu, Weixin Lv, Rui Zhang, Wei Liu, Xianfu Bu, Guanghua Li, Lixu Lei, Methanothermal reduction of mixtures of PbSO4 and PbO2 to synthesize ultrafine a-PbO powders for lead acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • M.L.V. Mahesh, V.V. Bhanu Prasad, A.R. James, Enhanced dielectric and ferroelectric properties of lead-free Ba(Zr0.15Ti0.85)O3 ceramics compacted by cold isostatic pressing, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Yuanyu Wang, Qilong Zhang, New K0.48Na0.52NbO3–Bi(Zn0.5Zr0.5)O3 lead-free ceramics: Microstructure and piezoelectricity, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • S.I. Sadovnikov, A.I. Gusev, Effect of particle size on the thermal expansion of nanostructured lead sulfide films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • L. Rus, S. Rada, V. Rednic, E. Culea, M. Rada, A. Bot, N. Aldea, T. Rusu, Structural and optical properties of the lead based glasses containing iron (III) oxide, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • A. Oury, A. Kirchev, Y. Bultel, Cycling of soluble lead flow cells comprising a honeycomb-shaped positive electrode, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Bo Wang, Shifang Xiao, Xianglai Gan, Huiqiu Deng, Xiaofan Li, Xuegui Sun, Wangyu Hu, Diffusion properties of liquid lithium–lead alloys from atomistic simulation, Computational Materials Science, Volume 93, October 2014
  • A.F. Zatsepin, H.-J. Fitting, E.A. Buntov, V.A. Pustovarov, B. Schmidt, Defects and localized states in silica layers implanted with lead ions, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 154, October 2014
  • Admira Bosnjakovic, Marek Danilczuk, Shulamith Schlick, Pa N. Xiong, Gregory M. Haugen, Steven J. Hamrock, An attempt to generate anion exchange membranes by amination of the perfluorinated 3M precursor leads to the hydrolysis of the precursor, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 467, 1 October 2014
  • Yi Liu, Pengran Gao, Xianfu Bu, Guizhi Kuang, Wei Liu, Lixu Lei, Nanocrosses of lead sulphate as the negative active material of lead acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • Jun Gou, Anson Lee, Jan Pyko, Modeling of the cranking and charging processes of conventional valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) batteries in micro-hybrid applications, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • S. Mostafa Hosseinpour-Mashkani, Majid Ramezani, Morteza Vatanparast, Synthesis and characterization of lead selenide nanostructure through simple sonochemical method in the presence of novel precursor, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Rajkumar Nirmala, Kyung Soo Jeon, Rangaswamy Navamathavan, Hak Yong Kim, Soo-Jin Park, Synthesis and characterization of electrospun cadmium sulfide- and lead sulfide-blended poly(vinyl acetate) composite nanofibers, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Srimala Sreekantan, Syazwani Mohd. Zaki, Chin Wei Lai, Teoh Wah Tzu, Copper-incorporated titania nanotubes for effective lead ion removal, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014

Recent Research & Development for Tin

  • Nguyen Dang Nam, Mahesh Vaka, Nguyen Tran Hung, Corrosion behavior of TiN, TiAlN, TiAlSiN-coated 316L stainless steel in simulated proton exchange membrane fuel cell environment, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • M.A. Deyab, Hydrogen generation by tin corrosion in lactic acid solution promoted by sodium perchlorate, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Feng Gu, Wenjuan Huang, Shufen Wang, Xing Cheng, Yanjie Hu, Chunzhong Li, Improved photoelectric conversion efficiency from titanium oxide-coupled tin oxide nanoparticles formed in flame, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • C. Tholander, B. Alling, F. Tasnádi, J.E. Greene, L. Hultman, Effect of Al substitution on Ti, Al, and N adatom dynamics on TiN(001), (011), and (111) surfaces, Surface Science, Volume 630, December 2014
  • A. Elrefaey, J. Janczak-Rusch, M.M. Koebel, Direct glass-to-metal joining by simultaneous anodic bonding and soldering with activated liquid tin solder, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • Xiang Lei Shi, Jian Tao Wang, Jian Nong Wang, Roughness improvement of fluorine-doped tin oxide thin films by using different alcohol solvents, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • K. Vijayarangamuthu, Shyama Rath, Nanoparticle size, oxidation state, and sensing response of tin oxide nanopowders using Raman spectroscopy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Caitian Gao, Xiaodong Li, Xupeng Zhu, Lulu Chen, Zemin Zhang, Youqing Wang, Zhenxing Zhang, Huigao Duan, Erqing Xie, Branched hierarchical photoanode of titanium dioxide nanoneedles on tin dioxide nanofiber network for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Shu Wei, Dong-Dong Han, Li Guo, Yinyan He, Hong Ding, Yong-Lai Zhang, Feng-Shou Xiao, In situ immobilization of tin dioxide nanoparticles by nanoporous polymers scaffold toward monolithic humidity sensing devices, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 431, 1 October 2014
  • G. Kilibarda, S. Schlabach, V. Winkler, M. Bruns, T. Hanemann, D.V. Szabó, Electrochemical performance of tin-based nano-composite electrodes using a vinylene carbonate-containing electrolyte for Li-ion cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • Kehua Dai, Hui Zhao, Zhihui Wang, Xiangyun Song, Vince Battaglia, Gao Liu, Toward high specific capacity and high cycling stability of pure tin nanoparticles with conductive polymer binder for sodium ion batteries, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • Atasheh Soleimani-Gorgani, Ehsan Bakhshandeh, Farhood Najafi, Effect of dispersant agents on morphology and optical–electrical properties of nano indium tin oxide ink-jet ink, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Bhupendra Singh, Ji-Hye Kim, Jun-Young Park, Sun-Ju Song, Ionic conductivity of Mn2+ doped dense tin pyrophosphate electrolytes synthesized by a new co-precipitation method, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Shihyun Ahn, Anh Huy Tuan Le, Sunbo Kim, Cheolmin Park, Chonghoon Shin, Youn-Jung Lee, Jaehyeong Lee, Chaehwan Jeong, Vinh Ai Dao, Junsin Yi, The effects of orientation changes in indium tin oxide films on performance of crystalline silicon solar cell with shallow-emitter, Materials Letters, Volume 132, 1 October 2014
  • Faheem K. Butt, Chuanbao Cao, Tariq Mahmood, Faryal Idrees, Muhammad Tahir, Waheed S. Khan, Zulfiqar Ali, Muhammad Rizwan, M. Tanveer, Sajad Hussain, Imran Aslam, Dapeng Yu, Metal-catalyzed synthesis of ultralong tin dioxide nanobelts: Electrical and optical properties with oxygen vacancy-related orange emission, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Zhou Xu, Peng Chen, Zhenlong Wu, Feng Xu, Guofeng Yang, Bin Liu, Chongbin Tan, Lin Zhang, Rong Zhang, Youdou Zheng, Influence of thermal annealing on electrical and optical properties of indium tin oxide thin films, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • L.P. Chikhale, J.Y. Patil, A.V. Rajgure, R.C. Pawar, I.S. Mulla, S.S. Suryavanshi, Synthesis, characterization and LPG response of Pd loaded Fe doped tin oxide thick films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 608, 25 September 2014
  • Monika Madej, The effect of TiN and CrN interlayers on the tribological behavior of DLC coatings, Wear, Volume 317, Issues 1–2, 15 September 2014
  • Bhim Singh Rathore, Deepak Pathania, Styrene–tin (IV) phosphate nanocomposite for photocatalytic degradation of organic dye in presence of visible light, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 606, 5 September 2014
  • Brian Cardineau, Ryan Del Re, Miles Marnell, Hashim Al-Mashat, Michaela Vockenhuber, Yasin Ekinci, Chandra Sarma, Daniel A. Freedman, Robert L. Brainard, Photolithographic properties of tin-oxo clusters using extreme ultraviolet light (13.5 nm), Microelectronic Engineering, Volume 127, 5 September 2014

Recent Research & Development for Silver

  • Liangtao Pu, Kexun Li, Zhihao Chen, Peng Zhang, Xi Zhang, Zhou Fu, Silver electrodeposition on the activated carbon air cathode for performance improvement in microbial fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Yanan Yu, Mingzhe Jia, Huifeng Tian, Jingbo Hu, The fabrication of silver ion implantation-modified electrode and its application in electrocatalytic oxidation of formaldehyde, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 267, 1 December 2014
  • Yuan-Fong Chau, Chih-Chan Hu, Ci-Yao Jheng, Yao-Tsung Tsai, Li-Zen Hsieh, Wayne Yang, Chien-Ying Chiang, Yuh-Sien Sun, Cheng-Min Lee, Numerical investigation of surface plasmon resonance effects on photocatalytic activities using silver nanobeads photodeposited onto a titanium dioxide layer, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Safaa N. Saud, E. Hamzah, T. Abubakar, H.R. Bakhsheshi-Rad, S. Farahany, A. Abdolahi, M.M. Taheri, Influence of Silver nanoparticles addition on the phase transformation, mechanical properties and corrosion behaviour of Cu–Al–Ni shape memory alloys, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Osman Ozturk, Ozlem Oter, Serdar Yildirim, Elif Subasi, Kadriye Ertekin, Erdal Celik, Hamdi Temel, Tuning oxygen sensitivity of ruthenium complex exploiting silver nanoparticles, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Leila Farzampour, Mohammad Amjadi, Sensitive turn-on fluorescence assay of methimazole based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer between acridine orange and silver nanoparticles, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Dennis Wittmaier, Norbert Wagner, K. Andreas Friedrich, Hatem M.A. Amin, Helmut Baltruschat, Modified carbon-free silver electrodes for the use as cathodes in lithium–air batteries with an aqueous alkaline electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • Yawei Qi, Yaxun Zhou, Libo Wu, Fengjing Yang, Shengxi Peng, Shichao Zheng, Dandan Yin, Enhanced upconversion emissions in Ho3 +/Yb3 + codoped tellurite glasses containing silver NPs, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • Klára Magyari, Razvan Stefan, Dan Cristian Vodnar, Adriana Vulpoi, Lucian Baia, The silver influence on the structure and antibacterial properties of the bioactive 10B2O3− 30Na2O−60P2O2 glass, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014
  • G. Venkateswara Rao, H.D. Shashikala, Optical, dielectric and mechanical properties of silver nanoparticle embedded calcium phosphate glass, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Volume 402, 15 October 2014

Recent Research & Development for Indium

  • Ho Young Chung, Kie Young Woo, Su Jin Kim, Tae Geun Kim, Improvement of blue InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes with graded indium composition wells and barriers, Optics Communications, Volume 331, 15 November 2014
  • Raju Chetty, D.S. Prem Kumar, M. Falmbigl, P. Rogl, S.-W. You, Il-Ho Kim, Ramesh Chandra Mallik, Thermoelectric properties of Indium doped Cu2GeSe3, Intermetallics, Volume 54, November 2014
  • Xingwei Ding, Jianhua Zhang, Weimin Shi, Hao Zhang, Chuanxin Huang, Jun Li, Xueyin Jiang, Zhilin Zhang, Characterization of density-of-states in indium zinc oxide thin-film transistor from temperature stress studies, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Atasheh Soleimani-Gorgani, Ehsan Bakhshandeh, Farhood Najafi, Effect of dispersant agents on morphology and optical–electrical properties of nano indium tin oxide ink-jet ink, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 12, October 2014
  • Shihyun Ahn, Anh Huy Tuan Le, Sunbo Kim, Cheolmin Park, Chonghoon Shin, Youn-Jung Lee, Jaehyeong Lee, Chaehwan Jeong, Vinh Ai Dao, Junsin Yi, The effects of orientation changes in indium tin oxide films on performance of crystalline silicon solar cell with shallow-emitter, Materials Letters, Volume 132, 1 October 2014
  • L. Castañeda, A. Maldonado, J. Vega Pérez, M. de la L. Olvera, C. Torres-Torres, Electrical and optical properties of nanostructured indium doped zinc oxide thin films deposited by ultrasonic chemical spray technique, starting from zinc acetylacetonate and indium chloride, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Zhou Xu, Peng Chen, Zhenlong Wu, Feng Xu, Guofeng Yang, Bin Liu, Chongbin Tan, Lin Zhang, Rong Zhang, Youdou Zheng, Influence of thermal annealing on electrical and optical properties of indium tin oxide thin films, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 26, October 2014
  • Anil Singh, Sujeet Chaudhary, Dinesh K. Pandya, On the temperature dependence of mobility in hydrogenated indium-doped ZnO thin films, Acta Materialia, Volume 77, 15 September 2014
  • G. Mohan Kumar, Jinsub Park, Structural and optical property studies on indium doped ZnO nanostructures for solution based organic–inorganic hybrid p–n junctions, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Volume 430, 15 September 2014
  • Ummar Pasha Shaik, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, Single step formation of indium and tin doped ZnO nanowires by thermal oxidation of indium–zinc and tin–zinc metal films: Growth and optical properties, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • J.J. Ortega, M.A. Aguilar-Frutis, G. Alarcón, C. Falcony, V.H. Méndez-García, J.J. Araiza, Band gap engineering of indium zinc oxide by nitrogen incorporation, Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 187, September 2014
  • Wyatt H. Strong, David V. Forbes, Seth M. Hubbard, Investigation of deep level defects in electron irradiated indium arsenide quantum dots embedded in a gallium arsenide matrix, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 25, September 2014
  • Ali A. Orouji, Mohammad Nejaty, Alireza Mohtasham, Novel Indium Arsenide double gate and gate all around nanowire MOSFETs for diminishing the exchange correlation effect: A quantum study, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Volume 63, September 2014
  • Bobins Augustine, Rafal Sliz, Kimmo Lahtonen, Mika Valden, Risto Myllylä, Tapio Fabritius, Effect of plasma treated Ag/indium tin oxide anode modification on stability of polymer solar cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 128, September 2014
  • N.B. Pawar, S.D. Kharade, S.S. Mali, R.M. Mane, C.K. Hong, P.S. Patil, P.N. Bhosale, Effect of indium (III) content on photoelectrochemical performance of MoBi(2-x)InxS5 thin films, Solid State Sciences, Volume 35, September 2014
  • Ying-Feng Lan, Ying-Hung Chen, Ju-Liang He, Jing-Tang Chang, Microstructural characterization of high-quality indium tin oxide films deposited by thermionically enhanced magnetron sputtering at low temperature, Vacuum, Volume 107, September 2014
  • Siti Zulaikha Ngah Demon, Yoshihiro Miyauchi, Goro Mizutani, Toshinori Matsushima, Hideyuki Murata, Optical second harmonic generation phase measurement at interfaces of some organic layers with indium tin oxide, Applied Surface Science, Volume 311, 30 August 2014
  • Udo Steiner, Phase relations and chemical vapor transport of hexagonal indium tungsten bronze InxWO3, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 605, 25 August 2014
  • Erkan Aydin, Mehmet Sankir, Nurdan Demirci Sankir, Influence of silver incorporation on the structural, optical and electrical properties of spray pyrolyzed indium sulfide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 603, 5 August 2014
  • P.D. Szkutnik, H. Roussel, V. Lahootun, X. Mescot, F. Weiss, C. Jiménez, Study of the functional properties of ITO grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition from different indium and tin precursors, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 603, 5 August 2014