Zinc Elemental Symbol

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Zinc Zink Zinco Zinco Cinc Zink

Zinc(Zn) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolZinc is a Block D, Group 12, Period 4 element. The number of electrons in each of zinc's shells is 2, 8, 18, 2, and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2. The zinc atom has a radius of 133.5.pm and its Van der Waals radius is 139.pm. In its elemental form, CAS 7440-66-6, zinc has a silver-gray appearance. Zinc Bohr ModelIt is brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable at 100 °C to 150 °C. Elemental ZincIt is a fair conductor of electricity, and burns in air at high red producing white clouds of the oxide. Zinc is mined from sulfidic ore deposits. The most common zinc ore is sphalerite (zinc blende), a zinc sulfide mineral. It is is the 24th most abundant element in the earth's crust and the fourth most common metal in use (after iron, aluminum, and copper). Zinc was first isolated by Andreas Marggraf in 1746. The element name zinc originates from the German word "zin" meaning tin. See Zinc research below.

Zinc has unusual electrical, thermal, optical, and solid-state properties that have not been fully investigated. The metal is employed to form numerous alloys with other metals. Brass, Nickel, Silver, commercial Bronze, soft solder, and Aluminum solder are some of the more important alloys. Zinc is used to produce die castings which are used extensively by the automotive, electrical, and hardware industries. Zinc is also used to galvanize other metals such as iron to prevent corrosion. High Purity (99.999%) Zinc Oxide (ZnO) PowderZinc oxide is widely used in the manufacture of paints, rubber products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, floor coverings, plastics, printing inks, soap, storage batteries, textiles, and electrical equipment. Zinc sulfide is used in making luminous dials, X-ray and TV screens, and fluorescent lights. High Purity (99.9999%) Zinc (Zn) Sputtering TargetThe chloride and chromate are also important compounds. Zinc is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity). Elemental or metallic forms include pellets, rod, wire and granules for evaporation source material purposes. Zinc nanoparticles and nanopowders provide ultra-high surface area which nanotechnology research and recent experiments demonstrate function to create new and unique properties and benefits. Oxides are available in powder and dense pellet form for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. Oxides tend to be insoluble. Fluorides are another insoluble form for uses in which oxygen is undesirable such as metallurgy, chemical and physical vapor deposition and in some optical coatings. Zinc is also available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds can be manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries.

Zinc is considered non-toxic in healthy doses but can cause nausea if taken in excess. Safety data for Zinc and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific material or compound referenced in the Products tab below.

  • Properties
  • Safety Data
  • Products
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Zinc Properties

Symbol: Zn Melting Point: 692.68 K, 419.53 °C, 787.15 °F
Atomic Number: 30 Boiling Point: 1180 K, 907 °C, 1665 °F
Atomic Weight: 65.38 Density: 7.14 g·cm−3
Element Category: transition metal Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 6.57 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 12, 4, d Specific Heat: 0.0928 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
    Heat of Vaporization 27.4 K-Cal/gm atom at 907 °C
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 1.595 Cal/gm mole 
Electrons: 30 Thermal Conductivity: 1.16 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K 
Protons: 30 Thermal Expansion: (25 °C) 30.2 µm·m−1·K−1
Neutrons: 35 Electrical Resistivity: (20 °C) 59.0 nΩ·m
Electron Configuration: [Ar] 3d104s2 Electronegativity: 1.6 Paulings 
Atomic Radius: 134 pm Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 122±4 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 25.470 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 139 pm Young's Modulus: 108 GPa
Oxidation States: +2, +1, 0 (amphoteric oxide) Shear Modulus: 43 GPa
Phase: Solid Bulk Modulus: 70 GPa
Crystal Structure: hexagonal close-packed Poisson Ratio: 0.25
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: 2.5
1st Ionization Energy: 906.41 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 1733.31 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: 412 MPa
3rd Ionization Energy: 3832.71 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: (r.t.) (rolled) 3850 m·s−1
CAS Number: 7440-66-6 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: 33000 ppb
ChemSpider ID: 22430 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: 3200 ppb
PubChem CID: 23994 Abundance in universe, by weight: 300 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00011291  Abundance in universe, by atom: 6 ppb
EC Number: 231-175-3 Discovered By: Indian metallurgists
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: Prior to 1000 BC
SMILES Identifier: [Zn]  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/Zn Other Names: Zincum, Zink, Zinco

Zinc Products

Metal Forms  •  Compounds  •  Alloys  •  Oxide Forms  •  Organometallic Compounds
Sputtering Targets  •  Nanomaterials  •  Semiconductor Materials •  Isotopes

Metal Forms

Zinc Balls
Zinc Bands
Zinc Bars
Zinc Bits
Zinc Board
Zinc Briquette
Zinc Capsules
Zinc Chunk
Zinc Circle
Zinc Coil
Zinc Coins
Zinc Concentrate
Zinc Cut Wire Shot
Zinc Crucibles
Zinc Cylinder
Zinc Disc
Zinc Dust
Zinc Electrodes
Zinc Flanges
Zinc Foam
Zinc Foil
Zinc Fragments
Zinc Grain
Zinc Granules
Zinc Honeycomb
Zinc Ingot
Zinc Lump
Zinc Mesh
Zinc Metal
Zinc Mossy
Zinc Nanofoil
Zinc Nugget
Zinc Particles
Zinc Parts
Zinc Pebbles
Zinc Pellets
Zinc Pieces
Zinc Pills
Zinc Plate
Zinc Powder
Zinc Precipitate
Zinc Puck
Zinc Residue
Zinc Ribbon
Zinc Rings
Zinc Rocks
Zinc Rod
Zinc Samples
Zinc Scraps
Zinc Segments
Zinc Shaving
Zinc Sheet
Zinc Shot
Zinc Sleeves
Zinc Slugs
Zinc Specimens
Zinc Spheres
Zinc Sponge
Zinc Spring
Zinc Strip
Zinc Tape
Zinc Tubes
Zinc Wafer
Zinc Wire
Zinc Wool

Sputtering Targets

Al-Cu-Mg-Cr-Zn Sputtering Target
Antimony doped Zinc Tin Sputtering Target
AZO Sputtering Target
AZO Rotatable Sputtering Target
Cadmium Zinc Sulfide Sputtering Target
Copper Zinc Sputtering Target
GZO Sputtering Target
IGZO Sputtering Target
IZO Sputtering Target
Magnesium Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Aluminium Rotatable Sputtering Target
Zinc Aluminum Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Zinc Aluminum Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Aluminum Sputtering Target
Zinc Antimonide Sputtering Target
Zinc Arsenide Sputtering Target
Zinc Fluoride Sputtering Target
Zinc Gallium Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Manganese Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide/Phosphorus Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Phosphide Sputtering Target
Zinc Rotatable Sputtering Target
Zinc Selenide Sputtering Target
Zinc Sputtering Target
Zinc Sulfide Sputtering Target
Zinc Telluride Sputtering Target
Zinc Tin Oxide Sputtering Target


Zinc-64 Oxide Isotope
Zinc-66 Isotope
Zinc-66 Oxide Isotope
Zinc-67 Isotope
Zinc-67 Oxide Isotope
Zinc-68 Isotope
Zinc-68 Oxide Isotope
Zinc-70 Isotope
Zinc-70 Oxide Isotope


Bismuth Cobalt Zinc Oxide
Osmium Zinc Iodide
Zinc Acetate
Zinc Acetate, Basic
Zinc Acetate Dihydrate
Zinc Acetate Solution
Zinc Arsenate
Zinc Borate Pentahydrate
Zinc Borohydride
Zinc Bromate
Zinc Bromide
Zinc Bromide, Ultra Dry
Zinc Carbide
Zinc Carbide Foam
Zinc Carbonate
Zinc Chloride
Zinc Chloride, Ultra Dry
Zinc Chloride Solution
Zinc Chromate
Zinc Cyanide
Zinc Fluoride
Zinc Fluoroborate
Zinc Hexafluorosilicate Hydrate
Zinc Hydroxide
Zinc Iodate
Zinc Iodide
Zinc Iodide, Ultra Dry
Zinc Iron Oxide
Zinc Molybdate
Zinc Niobate
Zinc Nitrate
Zinc Nitrate Solution
Zinc Nitride
Zinc Oxide
Zinc Perchlorate Hexahydrate
Zinc Phosphate
Zinc Phosphate Dihydrate
Zinc Phthalocyanine
Zinc Selenite
Zinc Sulfate
Zinc Sulfate Heptahydrate
Zinc Sulfate Monohydrate
Zinc Sulfate Solution
Zinc Tetrafluoroborate Hydrate
Zinc Titanate ZnTiO3
Zinc(IV) Titanate Zn2TiO4
Zinc Tungstate

Crystal/ Semiconductor Materials

Aluminum Zinc Oxide AZO
Antimony Zinc Oxide
Gallium doped Zinc Oxide GZO
Gadolinium doped Zinc Oxide Gd:ZnO
Indium Gallium Zinc Oxide IGZO
Indium Zinc Oxide
Zinc Antimonide
Zinc Antimonide Concentrate
Zinc Antimonide Dust
Zinc Antimonide Grain
Zinc Antimonide Granules
Zinc Antimonide Powder
Zinc Antimonide Precipitate
Zinc Antimonide Residue
Zinc Antimonide Shaving
Zinc(IV) Arsenide ZnAs2
Zinc(II) Arsenide Zn3As2
Zinc Cadmium Telluride Granule
Zinc Cadmium Telluride Lump
Zinc Cadmium Telluride Powder
Zinc Diphosphide
Zinc Germanium Phosphide Granules
Zinc Germanium Phosphide Powder
Zinc Germanium Phosphide Lump
Zinc Indium Telluride Granules
Zinc Indium Telluride Lump
Zinc Indium Telluride Powder
Zinc Manganese Telluride
Zinc Oxide/Aluminum Oxide
Zinc Oxide/Gallium Oxide
Zinc Oxide/Magnesium Oxide
Zinc Phosphide
Zinc Selenide
Zinc Selenide Beam Splitters
Zinc Selenide Lenses
Zinc Selenide Pieces
Zinc Selenide Prisms
Zinc Selenide Windows
Zinc Sulfide
Zinc Sulfide Pieces
Zinc Sulfide Windows
Zinc Telluride
Zinc Tin Phosphide Granules
Zinc Tin Phosphide Lump
Zinc Tin Phosphide Powder

Oxide Forms

Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Oxide Nanowire
Zinc Oxide Particles
Zinc Oxide Pellets
Zinc Oxide Pieces
Zinc Oxide Powder
Zinc Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide Shot
Zinc Oxide Sputtering Target
Zinc Oxide Tablets

Organometallic Compounds

[3,4-Toluenedithiolato(2-)]zinc Hydrate
2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethyl-21H,23H-porphine Zinc(II)
2-Methylimidazole Zinc Salt
Chloride, Zinc Chloride Double Salt

5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphine Zinc
8-Hydroxyquinoline Zinc
Diisopropyl Zinc Solution
Fumaric Acid Monoethyl Ester Zinc Salt
p-Diazo-N,N-diethyl-m-toluidine hemi(zinc chloride) salt
Zinc 1,2,3,4,8,9,10,11,15,16,17,18,22,23,24,25-hexadecafluoro-29H,31H-phthalocyanine
Zinc 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octabutoxy-29H,31H-phthalocyanine
Zinc 2,11,20,29-tetra-tert-butyl-2,3-naphthalocyanine
Zinc 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octakis(octyloxy)-29H,31H-phthalocyanine
Zinc 2,9,16,23-tetra-tert-butyl-29H,31H-phthalocyanine
Zinc 2,9,16,23-tetrakis(phenylthio)-29H,31H-phthalocyanine
Zinc 2-Ethylhexanoate
Zinc 2-Methoxyethoxide
Zinc 29H,31H-tetrabenzo[b,g,l,q]porphine
Zinc 3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylate
Zinc 5,10,15,20-tetra(4-pyridyl)-21H,23H-porphine
Zinc 5,10,15,20-tetra(4-pyridyl)-21H,23H-porphine Tetrakis(methochloride)
Zinc Acetylacetonate
Zinc Acrylate
Zinc Benzenesulfinate Dihydrate
Zinc Bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amide]
Zinc bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide
Zinc Caprylate
Zinc Chlorothiophenolate
Zinc Citrate Dihydrate
Zinc Diethyldithiocarbamate
Zinc Dimethyldithiocarbamate
Zinc Hexafluoroacetylacetonate Dihydrate
Zinc Isopropoxide
Zinc Methionine
Zinc Methacrylate
Zinc Naphthenate
Zinc Neodecanoate
Zinc Octoate
Zinc Oleate
Zinc Oxalate
Zinc Picolinate
Zinc p-toluenesulfonate Hydrate
Zinc Stearate
Zinc Trifluoroacetate Hydrate
Zinc Trifluoromethanesulfonate
Zinc(II) Tetranitrophthalocyanine
Zinc Undecylenate


Brass Electrodes
Cadmium Zinc
Copper Aluminum Zinc Alloy
Copper Zinc Alloy Flakes
Copper Zinc Alloy Particles
Copper Zinc Alloy Powder
Copper-Zinc Prisms
Copper Zinc Silver Alloy
Magnesium Aluminum Zinc Alloy
Magnesium Aluminum Zinc Foil
Silver Cadmium Zinc Copper Alloy Particles
Silver Cadmium Zinc Copper Alloy Powder
Silver Copper Zinc Alloy
Silver Copper Zinc Manganese Nickel Alloy
Silver Copper Zinc Nickel Alloy
Silver Copper Zinc Tin Alloy
Tin Bismuth Zinc Alloy
Tin Silver Zinc Alloy
Tin Zinc Alloy
Zinc Aluminum Alloy
Zinc Aluminum Copper Alloy


Aluminum-doped Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Bismuth Cobalt Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Cadmium Selenide/Zinc Sulfide Quantum Dots
Copper Zinc Nanoparticles
Copper Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Copper-Zinc Alloy Nanoprisms
Copper-Zinc Alloy Nanopowder
Gallium-doped Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Mn doped ZnO Quantum Dots
Mn/ZnSe Quantum Dots
Nickel Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Cadmium Selenide/Zinc Sulfide Quantum Dots
Zinc Iron Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Nanoparticles
Zinc Nanorods
Zinc Oxide Nanopowder
Zinc Oxide Nanowire
Zinc Titanate Nanopowder
ZnCuInS/ZnS Quantum Dots
ZnO Quantum Dots

Recent Research & Development for Zinc

  • Zuoqian Wang, Rich Winslow, Deepa Madan, Paul K. Wright, James W. Evans, Malcolm Keif, Xiaoying Rong, Development of MnO2 cathode inks for flexographically printed rechargeable zinc-based battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Renan Azevedo da Rocha, Carolina Leão Quintanilha, Thayná Viana Lanxin, Júlio Carlos Afonso, Cláudio Augusto Vianna, Valdir Gante, José Luiz Mantovano, Production of potassium manganate and barium manganate from spent zinc–MnO2 dry cells via fusion with potassium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jianhua Han, Zhifeng Liu, Boluo Yadian, Yizhong Huang, Keying Guo, Zhichao Liu, Bo Wang, Yajun Li, Ting Cui, Synthesis of metal sulfide sensitized zinc oxide-based core/shell/shell nanorods and their photoelectrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Cem Göl, Mustafa Malkoç, Serkan Yesilot, Mahmut Durmus, Novel zinc(II) phthalocyanine conjugates bearing different numbers of BODIPY and iodine groups as substituents on the periphery, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Hye-Ji Jeon, Seul-Gi Lee, Kyung-Sik Shin, Sang-Woo Kim, Jin-Seong Park, Growth behaviors and film properties of zinc oxide grown by atmospheric mist chemical vapor deposition, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Amin Nourmohammadi, Reza Rahighi, Omid Akhavan, Alireza Moshfegh, Graphene oxide sheets involved in vertically aligned zinc oxide nanowires for visible light photoinactivation of bacteria, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Jia Liu, Weijia Zhang, Dengyuan Song, Qiang Ma, Lei Zhang, Hui Zhang, Xiaobo Ma, Haiyang Song, Gallium-doped zinc oxide targets fabricated by sintering: Impact of target quality on sputtered thin film properties, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Ian Y.Y. Bu, Sol–gel production of aluminium doped zinc oxide using aluminium nitrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Parag V. Adhyapak, Satish P. Meshram, Imtiaz S. Mulla, Satish K. Pardeshi, Dinesh P. Amalnerkar, Controlled synthesis of zinc oxide nanoflowers by succinate-assisted hydrothermal route and their morphology-dependent photocatalytic performance, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Xingwei Ding, Jianhua Zhang, Weimin Shi, Hao Zhang, Chuanxin Huang, Jun Li, Xueyin Jiang, Zhilin Zhang, Characterization of density-of-states in indium zinc oxide thin-film transistor from temperature stress studies, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Bakhtiar Ul Haq, Rashid Ahmed, Souraya Goumri-Said, DFT characterization of cadmium doped zinc oxide for photovoltaic and solar cell applications, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 130, November 2014
  • J. Zavadil, Z.G. Ivanova, P. Kostka, M. Hamzaoui, M.T. Soltani, Photoluminescence study of Er-doped zinc–sodium–antimonite glasses, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • M.A. Mahadik, S.S. Shinde, Y.M. Hunge, V.S. Mohite, S.S. Kumbhar, A.V. Moholkar, K.Y. Rajpure, C.H. Bhosale, UV assisted photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of phthalic acid using spray deposited Al doped zinc oxide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Damon E. Turney, Michael Shmukler, Kevin Galloway, Martin Klein, Yasumasa Ito, Tal Sholklapper, Joshua W. Gallaway, Michael Nyce, Sanjoy Banerjee, Development and testing of an economic grid-scale flow-assisted zinc/nickel-hydroxide alkaline battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Y. Maximilian Klein, Edwin C. Constable, Catherine E. Housecroft, Jennifer A. Zampese, 4'-(Pyrimidin-5-yl)- and 4'-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-4,2':6',4?-terpyridines: Selective coordination to zinc(II) through the 4,2':6',4?-terpyridine domain, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Márcia C. de Souza, Chris H.J. Franco, Carlos B. Pinheiro, Renata Diniz, Conformational polymorphism of a zinc complex with enalapril antihypertensive drug, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Ankita Solanki, Sujit Baran Kumar, Syntheses and structural studies of cobalt(II), nickel(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II) selenocyanate complexes with a tetradentate N4-donor ligand, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • R. Veres, E. Vanea, C. Gruian, L. Baia, V. Simon, The effects of PEG assisted synthesis and zinc addition on gamma irradiated bioactive glasses, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 66, October 2014
  • F. Benosman, N. Benosman, S. Méçabih, P. Ruterana, B. Abbar, B. Bouhafs, Positron energy levels in zinc chalcogenides ZnS, ZnSe, and ZnTe, Computational Materials Science, Volume 93, October 2014
  • F. Askari, E. Ghasemi, B. Ramezanzadeh, M. Mahdavian, Mechanistic approach for evaluation of the corrosion inhibition of potassium zinc phosphate pigment on the steel surface: Application of surface analysis and electrochemical techniques, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 109, October 2014

Zinc Isotopes

Zinc has 5 stable isotopes: 64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, and 70Zn.

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
64Zn 63.9291422 Observationally Stable 0+
66Zn 65.9260334 Stable 0+
67Zn 66.9271273 Stable 5/2-
68Zn 67.9248442 Stable 0+
70Zn 69.9253193 Observationally Stable 0+