Boron Elemental Symbol

French German Italian Portuguese Spanish Swedish
Bore Bor Boro Boro Boro Bor

Boron(B) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolBoron is a Block P, Group 13, Period 2 element. Boron Bohr ModelThe number of electrons in each of boron's shells is 2, 3 and its electron configuration is [He] 2s2 2p1. The boron atom has a radius of and it's Van der Waals radius is In its elemental form, CAS7440-42-8, boron has a black-brown appearance. Elemental Boron Along with carbon and nitrogen, boron is one of the few elements in the periodic table known to form stable compounds featuring triple bonds. Boron is found in borates, borax, boric acid, colemanite, kernite, and ulexite. Boron was discovered by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard in 1808. It was first isolated by Humphry Davy, also in 1808. The name Boron originates from a combination of carbon and the Arabic word buraqu meaning borax.

Boron has an energy band gap of 1.50 to 1.56 eV, which is higher than that of either silicon or germanium. Optical characteristics include transmitting portions of the infrared. Boron is a poor conductor of electricity at room temperature but a good conductor at high temperature. Amorphous boron is used in pyrotechnic flares to provide a distinctive green color, and in rockets as an igniter. Boric acid is an important boron compound with major markets in textile products. Boron compounds are used extensively in the manufacture of borosilicate glasses. The isotope Boron-10 is used as a control for nuclear reactors, as a shield for nuclear radiation, and in instruments used for detecting neutrons. Boron nitride has remarkable properties and can be used to make a material as hard as diamond. The nitride also behaves like an electrical insulator but conducts heat like a metalHigh Purity (99.999%) Boron (B) Sputtering Target. Boron is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity). Elemental or metallic forms include pellets, rod, wire and granules for evaporation source material purposes. High Purity (99.999%) Boron Oxide (B2O3) PowderBoron nanoparticles and nanopowders provide ultra-high surface area which nanotechnology research and recent experiments demonstrate function to create new and unique properties and benefits. Oxides are available in powder and dense pellet form for such uses as optical coating and thin film applications. Oxides tend to be insoluble. Fluorides are another insoluble form for uses in which oxygen is undesirable such as metallurgy, chemical and physical vapor deposition and in some optical coatings. Boron is also available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates. These compounds can be manufactured as solutions at specified stoichiometries.

Boron in its elemental form is not toxic. Safety data for Boron and its compounds can vary widely depending on the form. For potential hazard information, toxicity, and road, sea and air transportation limitations, such as DOT Hazard Class, DOT Number, EU Number, NFPA Health rating and RTECS Class, please see the specific material or compound referenced in the Products tab below.

  • Properties
  • Safety Data
  • Products
  • Research
  • Isotopes
  • Other Elements

Boron Properties

Symbol: B Melting Point: 2077 oC, 3770.6 oF, 2350.15 K
Atomic Number: 5 Boiling Point: 4000 oC, 7232 oF, 4273.15 K
Atomic Weight: 10.81 Density: 2.3 at 20 °C
Element Category: metalloid Liquid Density @ Melting Point: 2.08 g·cm−3
Group, Period, Block: 13, 2, p Specific Heat: 0.245 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
    Heat of Vaporization 504.5 kJ mol-1
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Heat of Fusion 22.2 kJ mol-1
Electrons: 5 Thermal Conductivity: 0.274 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Protons: 5 Thermal Expansion: (25 °C) (β form) 5–7 µm·m−1·K−1
Neutrons: 6 Electrical Resistivity: 1.8 x 1012 microhm-cm @ 0 °C
Electron Configuration: [He]2s22p1 Electronegativity: 2.04 (Pauling scale)
Atomic Radius: 90 pm Tensile Strength: N/A
Covalent Radius: 84±3 pm Molar Heat Capacity: 11.087 J·mol−1·K−1
Van der Waals radius: 192 pm Young's Modulus: N/A
Oxidation States: 3, 2, 1 (mildly acidic oxide) Shear Modulus: N/A
Phase: Solid Bulk Modulus: N/A
Crystal Structure: rhombohedral Poisson Ratio: N/A
Magnetic Ordering: diamagnetic Mohs Hardness: ~9.5
1st Ionization Energy: 800.64 kJ mol-1 Vickers Hardness: N/A
2nd Ionization Energy: 2427.09 kJ mol-1 Brinell Hardness: N/A
3rd Ionization Energy: 3659.78 kJ mol-1 Speed of Sound: (20 °C) 16,200 m·s−1
CAS Number: 7440-42-8 Abundance in typical human body, by weight: 700 ppb
ChemSpider ID: 4575371 Abundance in typical human body, by atom: 410 ppb
PubChem CID: 5462311 Abundance in universe, by weight: 1 ppb
MDL Number: MFCD00134034 Abundance in universe, by atom: 0.1 ppb
EC Number: 231-151-2 Discovered By: Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard
Beilstein Number: N/A Discovery Date: 1808
SMILES Identifier: B  
InChI Identifier: InChI=1S/B Other Names: Bore, Bor

Boron Products

Metal Forms  •  Compounds  •  Alloys  •  Oxide Forms  •  Organometallic Compounds
Sputtering Targets  •  Nanomaterials  •  Semiconductor Materials •  Isotopes

Metal Forms

Boron Balls
Boron Bands
Boron Bars
Boron Bits
Boron Briquette
Boron Capsules
Boron Coil
Boron Coins
Boron Concentrate
Boron Cylinder
Boron Disc
Boron Dust
Boron Flake
Boron Flanges
Boron Foil
Boron Fragments
Boron Grain
Boron Granules
Boron Ingot
Boron Lump
Boron Mesh
Boron Metal
Boron Microfoil
Boron Microleaf
Boron Monofilament
Boron Nugget
Boron Particles
Boron Parts
Boron Pebbles
Boron Pellets
Boron Pieces
Boron Pills
Boron Plate
Boron Powder
Boron Precipitate
Boron Prisms
Boron Puck
Boron Residue
Boron Ribbon
Boron Rings
Boron Rocks
Boron Rod
Boron Samples
Boron Scraps
Boron Segments
Boron Shaving
Boron Sheet
Boron Shot
Boron Slugs
Boron Specimens
Boron Spheres
Boron Spring
Boron Strip
Boron Tape
Boron Tube
Boron Wafer
Boron Wire

Sputtering Targets

Aluminum Boron Sputtering Target
Boron Carbide Sputtering Target
Boron Nitride Sputtering Target
Boron Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Boron Oxide Sputtering Target
Boron Rotatable Sputtering Target
Boron Sputtering Target
Cerium Boride Sputtering Target
Chromium Boron Sputtering Target
Cobalt Boron SputteringTarget
Cobalt Chromium Tantalum Boron Sputtering Target
Cobalt Iron Boron Sputtering Target
Iron Boron Sputtering Target
Neodymium Iron Boron Sputtering Target
Tungsten Boride Sputtering Target (W2B)

Oxide Forms

Boron-11B Oxide
Boron Oxide Nanopowder
Boron Oxide Particles
Boron Oxide Pellets
Boron Oxide Pieces
Boron Oxide Powder
Boron Oxide Rotatable Sputtering Target
Boron Oxide Shot
Boron Oxide Sputtering Target
Boron Oxide Tablets


Boron Carbide Nanoparticles
Boron Nanopowder
Boron Nanoprisms
Boron Nanorods
Boron Nitride Nanoparticles
Boron Nitride Nanotubes
Boron Oxide Nanopowder
Titan Boride-Boron Carbide-Tungsten Boride Nanoparticles
Titanium Boride-Boron Carbide Nanoparticles


Aluminum Boron Alloy
Boron Cobalt Iron Alloy
Boron Neodymium Iron Alloy
Cobalt Boron Silicon Iron Molybdenum Nickel Foil
Cobalt Iron Boron
Cobalt Silicon Boron Iron Nickel Foil
Cobalt Silicon Boron Manganese Foil
Cobalt Silicon Molybdenum Iron Boron Niobium Foil
Copper Boron Alloy
Ferro Boron
Iron Boron Silicon Foil
Iron Neodymium Boron Alloy Particles
Iron Neodymium Boron Alloy Powder
Neodymium Iron Boron
Nickel Boron Silicon Foil
Nickel Chromium Boron Alloy
Nickel Chromium Iron Silicon Boron Alloy Particles
Nickel Chromium Iron Silicon Boron Alloy Powder
Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Boron Alloy Particles
Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Boron Alloy Powder
Nickel Iron Silicon Boron Foil
Nickel Silicon Boron Alloy
Nickel Titanium Silicon Boron Alloy Particles
Nickel Titanium Silicon Boron Alloy Powder

Crystal/ Semiconductor Materials

Boron Ferrite
Boron Nitride Crystal
Boron Nitride Film
Boron Nitride Flakes
Boron Nitride Micropowder
Boron Nitride Ultrafine Powder
Boron Phosphide
Boron Silicide B4Si
Boron Silicide B6Si
Organometallic Compounds

(E)-1-(1-Hydroxycyclohexyl)ethene-1,2-diboronic Acid bis(Pinacol) Ester
(R)-(-)-Hexahydromandelic Acid
1,3-Diisopropylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate
1,3-Di-tert-butylimidazolinium tetrafluoroborate
2-Acetamidobenzeneboronic Acid
2-Acetamidobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
2-Amino-4-Carboxybenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
2-Amino-4-Cyanobenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
2-Amino-4-(Methoxycarbonyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
2-Amino-4-(Methoxycarbonyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester Hydrochloride
2-Aminobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester Hydrochloride
2-Aminomethyl-4-Fluorobenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
2-Aminomethyl-5-Fluorobenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
2-Biphenylboronic Acid
2-Cyanophenylboronic Acid
2-Ethoxycarbonylphenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
2-Hydroxyphenylboronic Acid Pinacol ester
2-Naphthaleneboronic Acid
3-(1-Adamantyl)-4-methoxybenzeneboronic Acid
3-(Acetamidomethyl)benzeneboronic Acid
3-Acetamido-2-nitrobenzeneboronic Acid
3-Acetamido-5-carboxybenzeneboronic Acid
3-Allylcarbamoylbenzeneboronic Acid
3-Amino-4-Chlorobenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
3-Amino-4-Chlorobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
3-Amino-5-Carboxybenzeneboronic Acid
3-Amino-5-Cyanobenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
3-Amino-5-(Methoxycarbonyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
3-Amino-5-(methoxycarbonyl)benzeneboronic acid pinacol ester hydrochloride
3-Amino-5-Nitrobenzeneboronic Acid
3-Amino-5-Nitrobenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
3-Amino-5-Nitrobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
3-Aminobenzeneboronic Acid
3-Aminobenzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
3-Aminobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester Hydrochloride
3-Aminobenzeneboronic Acid Neopentyl Glycol Ester Hydrochloride
3-(Aminomethyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
3-(Aminomethyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester Hydrochloride
3-Aminophenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
3-Cyanophenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
3-Ethoxycarbonylphenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-Acetamidobenzeneboronic Acid
4-Acetoxybenzeneboronic Acid
4-(Acetylsulfamoyl)benzeneboronic Acid
4-Amino-2,5-Difluorobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-Amino-3-Fluorobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-(Aminomethyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester Hydrochloride
4-Aminobenzeneboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-Amidoximobenzeneboronic Acid
3-Hydroxyphenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-(Methylsulfonyl)phenylboronic Acid
4-(N-Boc-amino)phenylboronic Acid
4-Acetamidophenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-(Aminomethyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Hydrochloride
4-Aminophenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-Benzamidobenzeneboronic Acid
4-Cyanophenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-Formylphenylboronic Acid
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-Hydroxyphenylboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
4-Nitrophenylboronic Acid
4-Pyrazoleboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
5-Amino-2-(Hydroxymethyl)Benzeneboronic Acid Hemiester
5-Indoleboronic Acid Pinacol Ester
9-BBN Monomer, 0.5M in THF
Ammonia-boranecarboxylic Acid Ammonium Tetrakis(3-chlorophenyl)borate
Ammonium Tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)borate Hydrate
Ammonium Tetraphenylborate
Benzo[b]Furan-2,5-Diboronic Acid
Bis(diisopropyl-D-tartrate Glycolato)diboron
Bis(diisopropyl-L-tartrate Glycolato)diboron
Bis(hexylene glycolato)diboron
Bis(N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-L-tartaramide Glycolato)diboron
Boron-10B Trifluoride Diethyl Etherate
Boron Citrate
Boron Ethoxide
Boron Sub-2,3-naphthalocyanine Chloride
Boron Subphthalocyanine Chloride
Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex
Boron Tribromide Dimethyl Sulfide Complex Solution
Boron Trichloride dimethyloctylamine complex
Boron Trichloride Methyl Sulfide Complex
Boron Trifluoride Acetic Acid Complex
Boron Trifluoride Dibutyl Etherate
Boron Trifluoride Diethyl Etherate
Boron Trifluoride Ethylamine Complex
Boron Trifluoride Methyl Etherate
Boron Trifluoride Methyl Sulfide Complex
Boron Trifluoride Phenol Complex
Boron Trifluoride Phosphoric Acid Complex
Boron Trifluoride Propanol Complex
Boron Trifluoride Tetrahydrofuran Complex
Boron Trifluoride-Methanol Solution
Boron Trifluoride-Methanol-Complex Solution
Boron Trifluoride-tert-Butyl Methyl Etherate
Boron Tris(trifluoroacetate) Solution
Chloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex
Dibromoborane Methyl Sulfide Complex
Dibutylboryl trifluoromethanesulfonate Solution
Dichloroborane Methyl Sulfide Complex
Dicyclohexylboron Trifluoromethanesulfonate
Indole-7-Boronic Acid Pinacol Ester
Lithium bis(oxalato)borate
Lithium Tetra(2-methyl-8-hydroxyquinolinato)boron
Lithium Tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate Ethyl Etherate
N-(Trimethylamine-boranecarbonyl)proline Methyl Ester
Potassium 2,2'-bithiophene-5-trifluoroborate
Potassium 2-chlorophenyltrifluoroborate
Potassium 2,4-Difluorophenyltrifluoroborate
Potassium (3-chlorophenyl)trifluoroborate
Potassium 4-chlorophenyltrifluoroborate
Potassium Tetraphenylborate
Potassium tetrakis(2-thienyl)borate
Potassium Tetrakis(4-biphenylyl)borate
Potassium Tetrakis[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate
Praseodymium(III) Hexafluoroacetylacetonate Hydrate
Rubidium Tetraphenylborate
Sodium Tetraethylborate
Organometallic Compounds, Continued

Sodium Tetrakis(4-fluorophenyl)borate Dihydrate
Tetrabutylammonium borohydride
Tetrabutylammonium Cyanoborohydride
Tetraethylammonium Borohydride Technical
Tetramethylammonium Borohydride
Tetramethylammonium Triacetoxyborohydride
Tri-tert-butyl Borate
Triethanolamine Borate
Triethyl Borate
Triethylborane Soulution
Triisopropyl Borate
Trimethyl Borate
Tris(triphenylphosphinegold)oxonium Tetrafluoroborate


Aluminum Boride
Aluminum Borohydride
Ammonium Biborate Tetrahydrate 
Ammonia Borane
Ammonium Bromide 
Ammonium Fluoroborate
Barium Boride
Beta-Barium Borate
Beryllium Boride Be2B
Beryllium Boride Be4B
Beryllium Boride BeB2
Beryllium Boride BeB6
Beryllium Borohydride
Bismuth Borate
Borane Ammonia Complex
Boric Anhydride
Boric Acid
Boron Acetate Solution
Boron Aluminate
Boron Aluminide
Boron Bromide
Boron Carbide
Boron Carbide Foam
Boron Carbide Granule
Boron Carbide Honeycomb
Boron Carbide Powder
Boron Carbide Rod
Boron Carbide Sheet
Boron Carbide Sponge
Boron Carbide Wool
Boron Chloride
Boron Chloride Solution
Boron Iodide
Boron Oxide
Boron Nitride
Boron Nitride Crucible
Boron Nitride Foam
Boron Nitride Honeycomb
Boron Nitride Parts
Boron Nitride Rods
Boron Nitride Shapes
Boron Nitride Sheet
Boron Nitride Sponge
Boron Nitride Tube
Boron Nitride Wool
Boron Phosphate
Boron Phosphate Hydrate
Boron Tribromide
Boron Trichloride
Boron Trifluoride
Boron Trifluoride Dihydrate
Calcium Boride
Calcium Borohydride
Calcium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride
Calcium Tetrafluoroborate Hydrate
Cerium Boride
Chromium Boride CrB
Chromium Diboride CrB2
Chromium Boride Cr2B
Chromium Boride Cr5B3
Cobalt Boride CoB
Cobalt Boride Co2B
Cobalt Boride Co3B
Cobalt Tetrafluoroborate Hexahydrate
Copper(II) Tetrafluoroborate
Copper(II) Tetrafluoroborate Hydrate
Indole-5-boronic Acid
Intermetallic (BN/TiB2) Crucible
Lanthanum Borate
Lanthanum Metaborate
Lithium Ammonia Borane
Lithium Borodeuteride
Lithium Borohydride
Lithium Borohydride/Aluminum
Lithium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride
Lithium Borohydride/Magnesium/Tin/Tin
Lithium Metaborate
Lithium Metaborate Dihydrate
Lithium Tetrabromonickelate(II) Solution
Magnesium Borohydride Dimethylsulfide Complex
Magnesium Dodecaboride
Manganese Borohydride
Nonaborane(15) - B9H15
Octadecaborane - B18H22
Pentaborane(9) - B5H9
Pentaborane(11) - B5H11
Potassium Borohydride
Pyrolytic Boron Nitride (PBN) Crucible
Scandium Borohydride
Silver(I) Tetraborate Hydrate
Sodium Borodeuteride
Sodium Borohydride
Sodium Borohydride/Magnesium Hydride
Sodium Borohydride On Aluminum Oxide
Sodium Borohydride Particles
Sodium Metaborate Tetrahydrate
Sodium Perborate, Monohydrate
Zinc Borohydride
Yttrium Aluminum Borate
Yttrium Borate
Zirconium Boride ZrB2
Zirconium Boride ZrB12


Boric-10 Acid Isotope
Boron-10 Carbide Isotope
Boron-10 Isotope
Boron-10 Oxide Isotope
Boron-10 Trifluoride Isotope
Boric-11 Acid Isotope
Boron-11 Carbide Isotope
Boron-11 Isotope
Boron-11 Oxide Isotope
Boron-11 Trifluoride Isotope

Recent Research & Development for Boron

  • Zhijie Wu, Xikang Mao, Qin Zi, Rongrong Zhang, Tao Dou, Alex C.K. Yip, Mechanism and kinetics of sodium borohydride hydrolysis over crystalline nickel and nickel boride and amorphous nickel–boron nanoparticles, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Ning Zhang, Huan Liu, Hongmin Kan, Xiaoyang Wang, Haibo Long, Yonghui Zhou, The preparation of high-adsorption, spherical, hexagonal boron nitride by template method, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Yikun Zhang, Baijun Yang, Effect of Fe substitution on magnetocaloric effect in metamagnetic boron-carbide ErNi2-xFexB2C compounds, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 610, 15 October 2014
  • Elena V. Fedorenko, Anatoliy G. Mirochnik, Anton Yu. Beloliptsev, Vladimir V. Isakov, (S2?S0) and (S1?S0) luminescence of dimethylaminostyryl-ß-diketonates of boron difluoride, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 109, October 2014
  • Wenwen Cui, Jingming Shi, Hanyu Liu, Cheng Lu, Hui Wang, Novel high-pressure crystal structures of boron trifluoride, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Volume 75, Issue 10, October 2014
  • Joseph W. McGrady, Dimitrios A. Papaconstantopoulos, Michael J. Mehl, Tight-Binding study of Boron structures, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Volume 75, Issue 10, October 2014
  • Lingling Zhang, Yulin Ma, Xinqun Cheng, Pengjian Zuo, Yingzhi Cui, Ting Guan, Chunyu Du, Yunzhi Gao, Geping Yin, Enhancement of high voltage cycling performance and thermal stability of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode by use of boron-based additives, Solid State Ionics, Volume 263, 1 October 2014
  • Manuel Palencia, Myleidi Vera, Bernabé L. Rivas, Modification of ultrafiltration membranes via interpenetrating polymer networks for removal of boron from aqueous solution, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 466, 15 September 2014
  • A.G. Van Der Geest, A.N. Kolmogorov, Stability of 41 metal–boron systems at 0 GPa and 30 GPa from first principles, Calphad, Volume 46, September 2014
  • Weon Gyu Shin, Hye Jin Jung, Hong Gye Sung, Hyung Soo Hyun, Youngku Sohn, Synergic CO oxidation activities of boron–CeO2 hybrid materials prepared by dry and wet milling methods, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • D. McNamara, D. Carolan, P. Alveen, N. Murphy, A. Ivankovic, The influence of microstructure on the fracture statistics of polycrystalline diamond and polycrystalline cubic boron nitride, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • Chuan Sun, Yunkai Li, Yunfei Wang, Lingbo Zhu, Quanzhen Jiang, Yong Miao, Xuebing Chen, Effect of alumina addition on the densification of boron carbide ceramics prepared by spark plasma sintering technique, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • W.J. Kelvin Chew, M. Amiriyan, A. Yaghoubi, S. Ramesh, J. Purbolaksono, R. Tolouei, W.D. Teng, D.K. Agrawal, Sintering properties and thermal depletion of boron in zirconia–zirconium diboride conductive ceramic, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part B, September 2014
  • Yuzheng Wang, Xiangxin Xue, He Yang, Preparation and characterization of carbon or/and boron-doped titania nano-materials with antibacterial activity, Ceramics International, Volume 40, Issue 8, Part A, September 2014
  • Mehdi D. Esrafili, Roghaye Nurazar, Potential of C-doped boron nitride fullerene as a catalyst for methanol dehydrogenation, Computational Materials Science, Volume 92, September 2014
  • Poonam Verma, Shiny S. Kumar, R.M. Sawant, B.S. Tomar, K.L. Ramakumar, Synchronous derivative fluorimetric determination of boron in Uranium fuel samples, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 153, September 2014
  • Zs. Rák, C.J. O’Brien, D.W. Brenner, First-principles investigation of boron defects in nickel ferrite spinel, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 452, Issues 1–3, September 2014
  • Glen A. Slack, Kenneth E. Morgan, Some crystallography, chemistry, physics, and thermodynamics of B12O2, B12P2, B12As2, and related alpha-boron type crystals, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Volume 75, Issue 9, September 2014
  • Yinsheng Li, Jie Yin, Haibo Wu, Ping Lu, Yongjie Yan, Xuejian Liu, Zhengren Huang, Dongliang Jiang, High thermal conductivity in pressureless densified SiC ceramics with ultra-low contents of additives derived from novel boron–carbon sources, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 34, Issue 10, September 2014
  • Qiwei Qiao, Rijie Wang, Minglei Gou, Xiaoxia Yang, Catalytic performance of boron and aluminium incorporated ZSM-5 zeolites for isomerization of styrene oxide to phenylacetaldehyde, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 195, 1 September 2014

Boron Isotopes

Boron has two stable isotopes: 10B and 11B.

Nuclide Symbol Isotopic Mass Half-Life Nuclear Spin
10B 10.0129370 Stable 3+
11B 11.0093054 Stable 3/2-